赵明昊:“美国优先”与特朗普政府的亚太政策取向

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进入专题: 美国优先   特朗普   亚太政策  

赵明昊  
“Trump's Foreign-Policy Revolution”,The National Review,January 26,2017; Mira Rapp-Hooper,“Deciphering Trump's Asia Policy”,Foreign Affairs,November 22,2016,https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/asia/2016-11-22/deciphering-trumps-asia-policy.

   (31)Jeffrey D.Sachs,“The High Costs of Abandoning International Law”,The Boston Globe,March 6,2017.

   (32)“Statement by President Trump on the Paris Climate Accord”,Press Office,The White House,June 1,2017.

   (33)特朗普与英国“脱欧派”代表、独立党前领袖法拉奇(Nigel Farage)的亲密关系备受争议,他曾高调提出由法拉奇担任英国驻美大使。Josh Rogin,“Trump Should Dump Nigel Farage,Says Formner UKIP Member of Parliament”,The Washington Post,March 28,2017; Michael Crowley,“The Man Who Wants to Unmake the Wes”,The Politico,March/April 2017; Mark Leonard,“Europe,Alone in Trump's World”,Project Syndicate,November 9,2016.

   (34)James P.Rubin,“59 Missiles Don't Equal a Foreign Policy”,The New York Times,April 8,2017.

   (35)Gerald F.Seib,“Five Big Players Steer Trump's Foreign Policy toward the Mainstream”,The Wall Street Journal,April 10,2017.

   (36)参见布鲁金斯学会近期发布的有关美国国家安全战略的报告,Building“Situations of Strength”:A National Security Strategy for the United States,Brookings Institution,February 2017,pp.21-23。美国战略界对中国外交态势的代表性分析,参见Robert D.Blackwill and Kurt M.Campbell,“Xi Jinping on the Global Stage:Chinese Foreign Policy Under a Powerful but Exposed Leader”,Council on Foreign Relations,February 2016。

   (37)Daniel Twining,“America's Grand Design in Asia”,The Washington Quarterly,Vol.30,No.3,Summer 2007; Hillary R.Clinton,“America's Pacific Century”,Foreign Policy,November 2011.

   (38)Simon Denyer,“In China Debut,Tillerson Appears to Hand Beijing a Diplomatic Victory”,The Washington Post,March 19,2017.

   (39)美国布鲁金斯学会高级研究员、世界银行前高官杜大伟(David Dollar)认为,指责中国操纵汇率是一种陈旧思维。从实际数据看,2005年到2015年间人民币对美元升值约25%。近年,在人民币面临大幅贬值压力的情况下,中国央行不断进行市场干预,试图保持人民币的高汇率。美国战略和国际问题研究中心高级研究员甘思德(Scott Kennedy)等经济问题专家普遍赞同这种看法,见Joint US-China Think Tank Project on the Future of US-China Relations:An American Perspective,May 2017。

   (40)Melissa Chan,“Trump's Top China Expert Isn't a China Expert”,Foreign Policy,March 13,2017.

   (41)关于美国国内对中国经济政策的不满和批评,参见Robert Atkinson,Nigel Cory and Stephen Ezell,“Stopping China's Mercantilism:A Doctrine of Constructive,Alliance-Backed Confrontation”,Information Technology & Innovation Foundation,March 2017,pp.3-5。

   (42)Caren Bohan and David Brunnstrom,“Trump Says US Not Necessarily Bound by‘One China’Policy”,Reuters,December 12,2016; Anne Gearan,Philip Rucker and Simon Denyer,“Trump's Taiwan Phone Call was Long Planned,Say People Who Were Involved”,The Washington Post,December 4,2016.

   (43)John Bolton,“The US Can Play a‘Taiwan Card’”The Wall Street Journal,January 17,2017; Peter Navarro,“America Can't Dump Taiwan”,The National Interest,July 19,2016.

   (44)班农本人曾在美军太平洋舰队服役。Benjamin Haas,“Steve Bannon:‘We'er Going to War in the South China Sea…No Doubt’”,The Guardian,February 2,2017.

   (45)Michael Pillsbury,The Hundred-Year Marathon:China's Secret Strategy to Replace America as the Global Superpower,St.Martin's Griffin,2016.

   (46)Harry Harding,“Has US China Policy Failed?” The Washington Quarterly,Vol.38,No.3,Fall2015; Robert D.Blackwill and Ashley J.Tellis,“Revising U.S.Grand Strategy Toward China”,Council Special Report,No.72,Council on Foreign Relations,March 2015.

   (47)Susan Shirt,“Trump and China:Getting to Yes with Beijing”,Foreign Affairs,March/April2017; Orville Schell and Susan Shirk,“US Policy toward China:Recommendations for a New Administration”,Task Force Report of Asia Society,February 2017,http://asiasociety.org/files/US-China_Task_Force_ Report_FINAL.pdf.

   (48)Michael Pillsbury,“The Road to Making America Great Again Runs Through Beijing:Emerging Chinese Views of Donald Trump”,Hudson Institute,January 13,2017,https://hudson.org/research/13235-the-road-to-making-america-great-again-runs-through-beijing-emerging-chinese-views-of-donald-trump#.

   (49)“引而不发”来自于白邦瑞,他在2017年1月与中国学者的交流中做出这一表述,意即特朗普政府上台前后声称将采取诸多对华强硬政策,但却一直没有真正落实,通过“抬高要价”,迫使中国政府做出相关改变。

   (50)James Woolsey,“Under Donald Trump,the US Will Accept China's Rise—As Long as It Doesn't Challenge the Status Quo”,South China Morning Post,November 10,2016.

   (51)2013年11月,时任国家安全事务助理赖斯在乔治城大学演讲中提及“新型大国关系”,此后再无美国政府高层官员使用这一表述,更无人提及“不冲突不对抗、相互尊重、合作共赢”。Susan Rice,“America’s Future in Asia”,Remarks at Georgtown Univeristy,November 20,2013.美国智库专家普遍反对美国政府接受中方提出的“新型大国关系”这一政策概念,认为这会导致美国国家利益受损,包括损害美国与日本等其他大国的关系等。Andrew Erickson and Adam Liff,“Not-So-Empty Talk:The Danger of China’s‘New Type of Great Power Relations’Slogan”,Foreign Affairs,October 9,2014.

   (52)Rex Tillerson,“Remarks Before His Meeting with Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi”,March 18,2017,https://www.state.gov/secretary/remarks/2017/03/268515.htm.

(53)Rex Tillerson,“Remarks to US Department of State Employees”,(点击此处阅读下一页)

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