赵明昊:“美国优先”与特朗普政府的亚太政策取向

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进入专题: 美国优先   特朗普   亚太政策  

赵明昊  
No.113,Australian Strategic Policy Institute,January 2017,pp.7-8,https://www.aspi.org.au/publications/trump-and-strategic-change-in-asia/SI113_Trump.pdf.

   ⑥The White House,National Security Strategy,May 2010,pp.14-16,http://nssarchive.us/NSSR/2010.pdf;孙茹:《美国亚太同盟体系的网络化及前景》,《国际问题研究》,2012年第4期。

   ⑦G.John Ikenberry and Anne-Marie Slaughter,“Forging a World of Liberty under Law:U.S.National Security in the  Century”,Princeton Project on National Security,September 27,2006; G.John Ikenberry,“Liberal Internationalism 3.0:America and the Dilemmas of Liberal World Order”,Perspectives on Politics,Vol.7,No.1,March 2009,pp.80-83;樊吉社:《奥巴马主义:美国外交的战略调适》,《外交评论》,2015年第1期;赵明昊:《迈向战略克制:9·11事件以来美国国内有关大战略的论争》,《国际政治研究》,2012年第3期。

   ⑧关于当前美国调整大战略所面临的挑战,参见Hal Brands and Peter Fever,“Stress Testing American Grand Strategy”,Survival:Global Politics and Strategy,Vol.58,No.6,December 2016-January2017,pp.93-96。

   ⑨“America First Foreign Policy”,The White House,https://www.whitehouse.gov/america-first-foreign-policy; Max Boot,“Trump's‘America First’Is the Twilight of American Exceptionalism”,Foreign Policy,November 22,2016.

   ⑩Daniel Bush,“Read President-Elect Donald Trump's Plan for His First 100 Days”,The PBS,November 10,2016,http://www.pbs.org/newshour/rundown/president-elect-donald-trumps-plan-first-100-days/.

   (11)Ishaan Tharoor,“After Clinton,Trump's Real Enemy Is‘Globalism’”,The Washington Post,November 3,2016.

   (12)“President Donald J.Trump's Inaugural Address”,The White House,January 20,2017,https://www.whitehouse.gov/inaugural-address;“Presidential Executive Order on Buy American and Hire American”,Office of the Press Secretary,The White House,April 18,2017,https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2017/04/18/presidential-executive-order-buy-american-and-hire-american.

   (13)值得指出的是,特朗普及其核心顾问如班农、金里奇(Newt Gingrich)等人,对美国历史上的“民粹主义”总统安德鲁·杰克逊都给予高度评价和认同。Steve Inskeep,“Donald Trump and the Legacy of Andrew Jackson”,The Atlantic,November 20,2016.

   (14)J.D.Vance,Hillbilly Elegy:A Memoir of a Family and Culture in Crisis,Harper,2016; Stephen Kinzer,“Don't Blame the Masses”,The Boston Globe,August 3,2016.

   (15)Pew Research Center,“Public Uncertain,Divided over America's Place in the World”,May 5,2016.

   (16)Reid Wilson,“Trump Inherits a Divided America”,The Hill,November 9,2016; Edward-Isaac Dovere,“Trump's Divided State of America”,The Politico,January 16,2017.

   (17)“Transcript:Donald Trump Expounds on His Foreign Policy Views”,The New York Times,March26,2016.

   (18)Alex Swoyer,“Donald Trump:America Needs‘Fair Trade’,Not‘Free Trade’”,The Breitbart,September 27,2015,http://www.breitbart.com/2016-presidential-race/2015/09/27/donald-trump-america-needs-fair-trade-not-free-trade/.

   (19)“Remarks by President Trump et al.at Signing of Trade Executive Orders”,Office of the Press Secretary,The White House,March 31,2017,https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2017/03/31/remarks-president-trump-et-al-signing-trade-executive-orders.

   (20)在美国的要求下,2017年3月G20财长会议后发表的声明未使用反对贸易保护主义等表述,仅是表示“努力增强贸易对经济的贡献”。David Mchugh,“G20 Drops Pledge to Fully Oppose Trade Protectionism amid Trump Pushback”,The Associated Press,March 18,2017.

   (21)William James,“Trump Says NATO Is Obsotete But Still‘Very Important to Me’”,Reuters,January 16,2017.北约秘书长斯托尔滕贝格表示,2016年北约成员国中只有5个(美国、英国、希腊、波兰和爱沙尼亚)达到防务开支占GDP2%的目标,2018年将有8个成员国达到此目标。

   (22)Jeffrey Miller,“In NATO Speech,Trump Is Vague about Mutual Defense Pledge”,The New York Times,May 26,2017; Jonathan Marcus,“NATO and Trump:What Future for the Atlantic Alliance?” The BBC,May 25,2017.

   (23)2016年11月皮尤公布的民调结果显示,仅有3%的美国民众认为外交和防务政策是美国的当务之急。Pew Research Center,“Presidential Election Reactions and Expectations”,November 21,2016.关于特朗普上台后美国反恐政策的走向,参见Peter Feaver and Hal Brands,“Trump and Terrorism:US Strategy after ISIS”,Foreign Affairs,March/April 2017。

   (24)Patti Domm,“With $ 350 Billion Accord,Trump and Saudi Arabia's Millennial Prince Master the Art of the Deal”,The CNBC,May 21,2017;“Supporting Saudi Arabia's Defense Needs”,The Fact Sheet,Office of the Spokesperson,Department of State,May 20,2017.

   (25)Steve Holland,“Trump Seeks‘Historic’US Military Spending Boost,Domestic Cuts”,Reuters,February 28,2017.

   (26)“Making Our Military Strong Again”,The White House,https://www.whitehouse.gov/making-our-military-strong-again.

   (27)Felicia Schwartz,“Trump Proposes Cutting State Department Budge by 37%”,The Wall Street Journal,February 28,2017; Daniel Runde,“Development and Diplomacy Are Instruments of a‘Peace Through Strength’Foreign Policy”,Foreign Policy,March 24,2017.

   (28)参见李晨:《从美国巡航导弹打击叙利亚看特朗普政府的国家安全决策》,《国际战略研究简报》,2017年第48期,北京大学国际战略研究院。

   (29)Peter Baker,“The Emerging Trump Doctrine:Don't Follow Doctrine”,The New York Times,April 8,2017.

(30)Charles Krauthammer,(点击此处阅读下一页)

    进入专题: 美国优先   特朗普   亚太政策  

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文章来源:《外交评论:外交学院学报》2017年 第4期

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