张洁:对南海断续线的认知与中国的战略选择

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进入专题: 南海断续线  

张洁  
中国学界必须进行政治、经济、安全、外交等跨学科的综合研究。

   注释:

   ①南海断续线于1914年就出现在中国民间一些私人出版的地图上。1947年国民政府对南海断续线予以官方确认,1948年国民政府正式公布《南海诸岛位置图》,上面标注有南海断续线。新中国成立后,断续线的标绘基本被沿用,后11段断续线被调整确定为9段,于1962年在官方地图上公布并沿用至今,故断续线又被称为“九段线”或“U型线”等,参见贾宇:《南海问题的国际法理》,《中国法学》2012年第6期,第31页。

   ②Michael D. Swaine and M. Taylor Fravel,"China's Assertive Behavior Part Two: The Maritime Periphery," China Leadership Monitor, No. 35, 2011, p. 1; Bonnie Glaser,"Beijing as an Emerging Power in the South China Sea," House Foreign Affairs Committee Hearing: Congressional Documents and Publications, Sep. 12, 2012, http://search.proquest.com/docview/1040694194? accountid=41097, 2014-03-14; Taylor Fravel, "Investigating the Chinese Threat, Part One: Military and Economic Aggression," U. S. House of Representatives Documents Testimony, March 28, 2012, http://search.proquest.com/docview/963678257? accountid=41097, 2014-03-02.

   ③在数次美国国务院外交委员会听证会上,美国战略界和学术界人士都将南海断续线作为判定中国趋向采取过分强硬外交政策的重要论据之一,并普遍认为,断续线构成对南海航行自由与安全的挑战。

   ④"CLM/18/2009," May 7, 2009, http://www.un.org/Depts/los/clcs_new/submissions_files/vnm37_09/chn_2009re_vnm_c.pdf, 2014-03-14.

   ⑤Vietnam, "Note No. 86/HC-2009," May 8, 2009, http://www.un.org/Depts/los/clcs_new/submissions_files/mysvnm33_09/vnm_chn_2009re_mys_vnm_e.pdf, 2013-09-08.

   ⑥Malaysia, "Note HA 24/09," May 20, 2009, http://www.un.org/Depts/los/clcs_new/submissions_files/mysvnm33_09/mys_re_chn_2009re_mys_vnm_e.pdf, 2013-09-08.

   ⑦Indonesia, "No. 480/POL-703/VII/10," July 8, 2010, http://www.un.org/Depts/los/clcs_new/submissions_files/mysvnm33_09/idn_2010re_mys_vnm_e.pdf, 2014-03-14.

   ⑧Robert Beckman, "Islands or Rocks? Evolving Dispute in the South China Sea," RSIS Commentartes, No. 75, May 2011, http://cil.nus.edu.sg/wp/wp-content/uploads/2009/08/IslandsOrRocks-EvolvingDisputeInSCS.pdf, 2014-03-14.

   ⑨《菲总统发布行政命令命名“西菲律宾海”》,新华网2012年9月12日,http://news.xinhuanet.com/world/2012-09/12/c_113057382.htm, 2014-3-13。

   ⑩"Notification and Statement of Claim on West Philippine Sea," http://plj.upd.edu.ph/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/Notification-and-statement-of-claim-on-West-Philippine-Sea.pdf, 2014-03-13.

   (11)Hoàng Anh  , "Chinese Strategic Miscalculations in the South China Sea," Oct. 1, 2012, http://southchinaseastudies.org/en/publications/vietnamese-publications/739-chinese-strategic-miscalculations-in-the-south-china-sea, 2013-05-10.

   (12)Hasyim Djalal, "Spratly Dispute Needs Democratic Settlement," The Jakarta Post, January 2, 1995.

   (13)即海疆线说、历史性水域说、历史性权利说和岛屿归属线。

   (14)武样勋(  Du'o'ng Huan):《对中国在东海有关“历史主权”一些争论的分析》,http://southchinaseastudies.org/cn/nghien-cuu-cua-vn-ve-bien-dong/1189-2013-01-07-07-15-22, 2014-03-14。

   (15)Tran Truong Thu, "China's U-shaped Line in the South China Sea: Possible Interpretations, Asserting Activities and Reactions from Outside," Paper Presented at the Conference on "The Practices of the UNCLOS and the Resolution of South China Sea Disputes," Sep. 3-4, 2012, Taipei, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm? abstract_id=2233274, 2014-03-14.

   (16)Hoàng Anh  ,"Chinese-Strategic Miscalculations in the South China Sea."

   (17)代表性著作包括Dieter Heinzig, Disputed Islands in the South China Sea: Paracels, Spratelys, Pratas, Macclesfield Bank, Wiesbaden, Otto Harrassowitz, 1976; Marwyn S. Samuels, Contest for the South China Sea, New York and London: Methuen Publishing Ltd, 1982; Stein Tonnesson,"The South China Sea in the Age of European Decline," Modern Asian Studies, Vo. 40, No. 1, 2006, p. 1,转引自任远喆:《南海问题与地区安全:西方学者的视角》,《外交评论》2012年第4期,第37页。

   (18)Mark J. Valencia, et al., Sharing the Resources of the South China Sea, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1997.

   (19)任远喆:《南海问题与地区安全:西方学者的视角》,第39页。

   (20)Lyle Goldstein, "Chinese Naval Strategy in the South China Sea: An Abundance of Noise and Smoke, but Little Fire, " Contemporary Southeast Asia, Vol. 33, No. 3, 2011, p. 320.

   (21)Taylor Fravel, "China's Strategy in the South China Sea," Contemporary Southeast Asia, Vol. 33, No. 3, 2011, p. 29.

   (22)Peter Dutton, "Three Disputes and Three Objectives: China and the South China Sea," Naval War College Review, 2011, Vol. 64, No. 4, p. 47.

   (23)彼得?达顿是美国海军战争学院的中国问题专家,曾多次参加美国国会听证会,其观点在美国学界和决策层具有一定的影响力。当然,达顿所强调的越南、菲律宾等国在南沙群岛争议中具有的地理邻近原则,是站不住脚的,中国国内已经进行了诸多有力批驳。Peter Dutton, "Three Disputes and Three Objectives: China and the South China Sea," Naval War College Review, 2011, Vol. 64, No. 4, pp. 47-48。

   (24)Bonnie Glaser, "Beijing as an Emerging Power in the South China Sea."

   (25)Taylor Fravel, "The United States in the South China Sea Disputes," Paper Presented to the 6th Berlin Conference on Asian Security, Berlin, June 18-19, 2012.

   (26)Taylor Fravel, "The United States in the South China Sea Disputes."

(27)2013年6月,作者与美国驻华使馆政治处官员在北京座谈时所得。(点击此处阅读下一页)

    进入专题: 南海断续线  

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文章来源:《国际政治研究》(京)2014年2期

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