翟玉章:评黑格尔的矛盾逻辑和他对逻辑基本规律的误解

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进入专题: 黑格尔   矛盾   罗素   蒯因  

翟玉章  
it is the things named. Cicero is identical with Tully (same man), even though the name ‘Cicero’ is different from the name ‘Tully’. To say anything about given objects we apply the appropriate verb or predicate to names of the objects; but there is no reason to expect that what is thereby said of the objects will be true also of the names themselves. The Nile, e.g., is longer that Tuscaloosahatchie, but the names are oppositely related.

   [18]Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, The Science of Logic (Cambridge Hegel Translations). Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 2010. p. 360. The other expression of the principle of identity, “A cannot be A and not-A at the same time,” is in a negative form; it is called the “principle of contradiction.”

   [19]Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, The Science of Logic (Cambridge Hegel Translations). Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 2010. p.381. The principle of the excluded middle is further distinguished from the previously examined principles of identity or contradiction that said, “Nothing is A and not-A at the same time.” What this implies is that there is nothing which is not either A or not-A; that there is no third that would be indifferent to that opposition. But in fact a third indifferent to it is given in the principle itself, for the A itself is there. This A is neither +A nor –A and just as much also +A and –A. – The something which ought to have been either +A or –A is here attached to the +A as well as the –A; and again, inasmuch as it is attached to the A, it ought not to be attached to the –A, just as it ought not to be attached to the A inasmuch as it is to the not-A. The something itself is therefore the third which ought to have been excluded. Since in this something the opposite determinations are equally posited and sublated, that third which is here in the shape of an inert something, when taken more profoundly, is the unity of the reflection into which the opposition returns as into ground.

  

   参考文献:

   [1]Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, The Science of Logic (Cambridge Hegel Translations), Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 2010.

   [2]黑格尔:《小逻辑》(英文影印本),中国社会科学出版社1999年版。

   [3]Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, The Jena System, 1804-5: Logic and Metaphysics, trans. J. W. Burbidge and G. di Giovanni, Kingston and Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1986.

   [4]恩格斯:《反杜林论》,中共中央马克思恩格斯列宁斯大林毛泽东著作编译局译,人民出版社1993年版。

   [5]Alfred Korzybski, Science and Sanity, Lancaster, Pa.: Science Press, 1933.

   [6]Bertrand Russell, Our Knowledge of the External World, London and New York: Routledge, 1996.

   [7]W. V. Quine, Methods of Logic, 4rd ed. Cambridge, MA.: Harvard University Press, 1982.

  

   作者单位:南京师范大学哲学系

    进入专题: 黑格尔   矛盾   罗素   蒯因  

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