约翰·考姆勒斯:过时的新古典经济学范式该改变了

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约翰·考姆勒斯  
英文原题为“A Kuhnian Paradigm Shift in Economics Is Overdue”.

  

   ①参见约翰·考姆勒斯:《特朗普主义兴起的经济根源》,齐昊译,《中国社会科学评价》2018年第2期。

  

   ②关于“范式”的含义,参见Thomas Kuhn,The Structure of Scientific Revolutions,Chicago:University of Chicago Press,1962.

  

   ③J.Komlos,"Reaganomics:A Watershed Moment on the Road to Trumpism," The Economists' Voice,vol.16,no.1,2019,article number:20180032; J.Stiglitz,"Of the 1%,by the 1%,for the 1%," Vanity Fair,vol.53,no.5,May 2011.

  

   ④时任总统经济顾问委员会主席的Greg Mankiw支持工作外包,他说“从长远来看,这可能对经济有利”(CNN,2004)。相关讨论参见A.Case and A.Deaton,Deaths of Despair and the Future of Capitalism,Princeton,NJ:Princeton University Press,2020; D.Rodrik,Economics Rules:The Rights and Wrongs of the Dismal Science,New York:W.W.Norton & Company,2016; J.Stiglitz,Globalization and Its Discontents Revisited:Anti-Globalization in the Era of Trump,New York:W.W.Norton & Co.,2017.

  

   ⑤J.Komlos,"Growth of Welfare and Its Distribution in the U.S.,1979-2013," Journal of Income Distribution,vol.28,no.1,2020,pp.19-25.

  

   ⑥J.Komlos,"The Banality of a Bureaucrat,Timothy Geithner and the Sinking of the U.S.Economy," Challenge:The Magazine of Economic Affairs,vol.57,no.5,2014,pp.87-99; H.Minsky,"The Financial Instability Hypothesis:Capitalist Processes and the Behavior of the Economy," in C.P.Kindleberger and J.P.Laffargue,eds.,Financial Crises:Theory,History,and Policy,Cambridge,UK:Cambridge University Press,1982,pp.12-29.

  

   ⑦R.Foroohar,Don't Be Evil:How Big Tech Betrayed Its Founding Principles-and All of Us,New York:Currency,2019; R.McNamee,Zucked:Waking Up to the Facebook Catastrophe,New York:Penguin Press,2019.

  

   ⑧J.Komlos,"Across-the-Board Tax Cuts Generate Inequality," Challenge:The Magazine of Economic Affairs,Published online,Dec.24,2019,pp.90-97; T.Piketty,Capital and Ideology,Cambridge:Harvard University Press,2020.

  

   ⑨L.Summers,"The Trump Administration's Tax Plan Is an Atrocity," The Washington Post,October 8,2017.

  

   ⑩R.Skidelsky,What's Wrong with Economics:A Primer for the Perplexed,New Haven:Yale University Press,2020.

  

   (11)R.E.Lucas,Jr.,"Macroeconomic Priorities," The American Economic Review,vol.93,no.1,2003,pp.1-14.

  

   (12)B.Bernanke,"The Great Moderation," February 20,2004,https://www.federalreserve.gov/boarddocs/speeches/2004/20040220/,accessed November 27,2019.

  

   (13)O.Blanchard,"The State of Macro," NBER Working Paper,no.14259,2008.

  

   (14)参见P.Krugman,"How Did Economists Get It So Wrong," The New York Times,September 2,2009.

  

   (15)E.Phelps,"What Is Wrong with the West's Economies?" The New York Review of Books,August 13,2015.

  

   (16)参见M.Sandel,"Populism,Trump,and the Future of Democracy," Institute for New Economic Thinking,March 15,2019.

  

   (17)参见E.Phelps,"What Is Wrong with the West's Economies?"

  

   (18)在马丁·路德向国教教会提出挑战500周年之际,一个隶属于“重新思考经济学”机构(Rethinking Economics)和新气象研究所(New Weather Institute)的小组,在伦敦经济学院门口张贴了“经济学改革的33篇论文”。参见Herbert A.Simon,Models of Bounded Rationality,Cambridge,MA:MIT Press,1982; T.Piketty,Capital and Ideology; J.Rifkin,The Green New Deal:Why the Fossil Fuel Civilization Will Collapse by 2028,and the Bold Economic Plan to Save Life on Earth,New York:St.Martin's Press,2019; D.Rodrik,Economics Rules:The Rights and Wrongs of the Dismal Science; J.Stiglitz,"Of the 1%,by the 1%,for the 1%."

  

   (19)参见S.Bowles and W.Carlin,"What Students Learn in Economics 101:Time for a Change," Journal of Economic Literature,vol.58,no.1,2020,pp.196-198.

  

   (20)“主流(新古典)经济学的基本心理学假设,虽然早已被心理学家否定,但它们已经像殖民者一样主导学术界的大多数领域,并深深影响大众对世界的理解”。参见D.Graeber,"Against Economics," The New York Review of Books,December 5,2019; G.Akerlof and R.J.Shiller,Animal Spirits:How Human Psychology Drives the Economy,and Why It Matters for Global Capitalism,Princeton,NJ:Princeton University Press,2009; R.Thaler,Misbehaving:The Making of Behavioral Economics,New York:W.W.Norton & Co.,2016; R.Thaler,"Behavioral Economics:Past,Present,and Future," The American Economic Review,vol.106,no.7,2016,pp.1577-1600.

  

   (21)Sigmund Freud,The Unconscious,London:Penguin Classics,2005; First Published as Das Unbewusste in 1915.

  

   (22)参见D.Kahneman,Thinking,Fast and Slow,New York:Farrar,Straus and Giroux,2011; D.Kahneman,"Maps of Bounded Rationality:Psychology for Behavioral Economics," The American Economic Review,vol.93,no.5,2003,pp.1449-1475.

  

(23)参见R.H.Frank,"Positional Externalities Cause Large and Preventable Welfare Losses,(点击此处阅读下一页)

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文章来源:《中国社会科学评价》2021年第2期

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