干春松:董仲舒与儒家思想的转折——徐复观对董仲舒公羊学的探究

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进入专题: 儒家思想   徐复观   董仲舒   公羊学   春秋学  

​干春松  
是否是董仲舒开启了纬书的传统,这个可能是会有争议,但是历史上的确有人甚至把董仲舒的书看作是纬书:“盖秦汉以来,去圣日远,儒者推阐论说,各自成书,与经原不相比附,如伏生尚书大传,董仲舒春秋阴阳,核其文体,即使纬书,特以显有主名,故不能托诸孔子。”引文见《四书全书总目提要·卷六·经部·易类六·附录》,河北人民出版社2003年版,184页,也就是因为作者明确,所以不能假托为孔子本人所著。

   原文参考文献:

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   [2]钱穆.两汉经学今古文平议[M].台北:商务印书馆,2001:281.

   [3]徐复观.中国思想史论集[M].上海:上海书店出版社,2004.

   [4]班固.汉书:卷五十六[M].北京:中华书局,1963.

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   [8]董仲舒.春秋繁露[M].台北:台湾商务印书馆,1979.

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   Dong Zhongshu and the Transition of Confucianism:Xu Fuguan's Study on Dong Zhongshu's Gongyang Theory

   Xu Fuguan's study on the political ideas of Confucianism has his own basis,that is,people-based politics.He holds that there are two different distinguished characteristics between Dong Zhongshu and the other Confucians:one is that he stands for the establishment of the theoretical basis for the grand unification of autocracy that was mature at that time through Gongyang,and the other is that he hopes to make Gongyang the component of his philosophy of Heaven.Dong Zhongshu's methods of studying The Spring and Autumn Annals can be summarized into three aspects such as "recording history by using words and listing facts" "expressing ideas and feelings by words" and "expressing profound meaning by using concise and subtle words".All these methods are used to highlight the gist of The Spring and Autumn Annals.The reason why Dong Zhongshu makes great efforts to construct the philosophy of Heaven is that he has realized that it is impossible to constrain the powerful emperor by personality cultivation like Pre-Qin Confucians,therefore,he hopes to constrain the emperor by Heaven.In addition,through the explanation of the natural law,he hopes to dilute the influence of the harsh laws of the Legalist by Confucianist thoughts of highly praising virtue.Dong Zhongshu,by his theory on The Spring and Autumn Annals and the philosophy of Heaven,completes the important transition of the forms and the contents of Confucianism.However,its basic spirit is still the Confucian spirit of respect

   Dong Zhongshu/Confucianist/Gongyang theory/study of The Spring and Autumn Annals/Xu Fuguan

   作者简介:干春松(1965- ),男,浙江绍兴人,北京大学哲学系教授,儒学研究院博士生导师,孔子研究院泰山学者特聘教授,博古睿学者。北京 100871

   原发信息:《衡水学院学报》第20184期

  

  

    进入专题: 儒家思想   徐复观   董仲舒   公羊学   春秋学  

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