于滨:中俄与“自由国际秩序”之兴衰

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进入专题: 自由国际秩序   中俄关系  

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Washington, D.C.,2017, 25, https://www.whitehouse.gov/wp-content/uploads/2017/12/NSS-Final-12-18-2017-0905.pdf

   [5]奥巴马执政时期,对于两国的警惕性就已明显提升。奥巴马公开将俄罗斯与埃博拉病毒、伊斯兰国并列为世界的三大威胁。参见Jennifer Newton, “There’s a sense the world is spinning so fast andnobody is able to control it admits Obama, amid ISIS, Ebola and Ukraine crises”,Daily Mail, October 8, 2014,http://www.dailymail. co.uk/news/article-2784702/As- Ebola-ISIS-Russia-President-Obama-night-admits-There-s-sense-world-spinning-fast-able-control.html#ixzz59C3qQPFD

   [6]直到2014年,西方世界对于“自由国际秩序”的乐观态度还是公共舆论空间的主流立场。JohnIkenberry, “The Illusion of Geopolitics”, ForeignAffairs, Vol.93, No.3, May/June 2014, pp.80-86, 87-90.

   [7]对于自由国际秩序“终结”的讨论主要发生在美国,欧洲学者在该议题上的参与相对有限。

   [8]关于“自由国际秩序”走向失败的深入讨论可参考“What Was the Liberal Order? The World We May Be Losing”, Foreign Affairs, March 2017, https://www.foreignaffairs.com/ system/files/pdf/anthologies/2017/b0033_0.pdf.也可参考Robert Jervis, Francis Gavin and Joshua Rovner,eds., Chaos in the Liberal Order: The Trump Presidency and InternationalPolitics in the Twenty-first Century,New York: Columbia University Press, 2018; Celeste Wallander, “NATO’s EnemiesWithin: How Democratic Decline Could Destroy the Alliance”, Foreign Affairs, Vol.97, No.4, July/August 2018;Martin Wolf, “Davos 2018: The liberal international order is sick”, FinancialTimes, January 23, 2018, https://www.ft.com/content/c45acec8-fd35-11e7-9b32-d7d59aace167; Richard Haass, “Liberal World Order,R.I.P.”, Project Syndicate, March 21, 2018, https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/end-of-liberal- world-order-by-richard-n--haass-2018-03; RichardHaass, A World in Disarray: American Foreign Policy and the Crisis of theOld Order, New York:Penguin Books, 2018; Barry Posen, “The Rise of Illiberal Hegemony”, ForeignAffairs, 2018, Vol.97,No.2, pp.10-19; Fred Hu and Michael Spence, “Why Globalization Stalled”, ForeignAffairs, Vol.96, No.4,July/August 2017, pp.54-63; Paul Miller, “Non-‘Western’ Liberalism and theResilience of the Liberal International Order, The Washington Quarterly, Vol.41, No.2, Summer 2018, pp.137-153;James Kirchick, The End of Europe: Dictators, Demagogues, and the ComingDark Age, New Haven, CT:Yale University Press, 2017; John Ikenberry, “The Plot against American ForeignPolicy: Can the Liberal Order Survive?”, Foreign Affairs, Vol.96, No.3, May/June 2017,pp.1-7; Joseph Nye, “Will the Liberal Order Survive? The History of an Ida”, ForeignAffairs, Vol.96, No.1,January/February 2017; Jeffrey C. Isaac, “The Politics of Global Disorder”, Perspectiveson Politics, March 2016, Vol.14, No.1; Anne Applebaum, “Is This the End ofthe West as We Know It?”, Washington Post, March 4, 2016; RebekkaFriedman, KevorkOskanian and Ramon Pacheco Pardo, eds., After Liberalism? The Future ofLiberalism in International Relations,London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013.关于自由主义秩序“失败”的文章往往同时也会参与到关于如何“失去了俄罗斯/中国”的论战中去,例如RichardHeydarian, “China Is Making a Bid for Global Primacy”, The National Interest,July 1, 2018,https://nationalinterest.org/feature/china-making-bid-global-primacy-24767l; Robert Atkinson, “Who Lost China?”, TheNational Review, July 26, 2018, https://www.nationalreview.com/magazine/2018/08/13/us-china-relations-who-lost-them/;Peter Conradi, Who LostRussia?How the World Entered a New Cold War, London:Oneworld Publications, 2017.

   [9]StephenChaudoin, Helen V. Milner, and Dustin Tingley, “A Liberal InternationalAmerican Foreign Policy? Maybe Down but Not Out”, H-Diplo/ISSF PolicyRoundtable 1 (6), March 14, 2017, https://scholar.princeton.edu/sites/default/files/hvmilner/files/h-diplo_issf. pdf; John Ikenberry, “The Endof Liberal International Order?”, International Affairs, 2018, Vol.97,No.1, pp.7-23; Deudney and Ikenberry, “Liberal World: The Resilient Order”, ForeignAffairs, Vol.97, No. 4, July/August 2018, pp.16-24.

   [10]Haass,“Liberal World Order, R.I.P”.

   [11]PatrickPorter, “A World Imagined: Nostalgia and Liberal Order”, Cato Institute, PolicyAnalysis No. 843, July 5, 2018, https://www.cato.org/publications/policy-analysis/world-imagined-nostalgia-liberal-order; Graham Allison, “The Myth of the Liberal Order:From Historical Accident to Conventional Wisdom”, Foreign Affairs, Vol.97, No.4, July/August 2018,pp.10-19; Paul Staniland, “Misreading the ‘Liberal Order’: Why We Need NewThinking in American Foreign Policy”, Lawfare, July 29, 2018, https://www.lawfareblog. com/misreading-liberal-order-why-we-need-new-thinking-american-foreign-policy?from=timeline;Andrew J. Bacevich, “The ‘Global Order’ Myth”, The American Conservative,June 15, 2017, http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/the-global-order-myth/;Naazneen Barma, Ely Ratner, and Steven Weber, “The Mythical Liberal Order”, TheNational Interest, March 1, 2013,https://nationalinterest.org/article/the-mythical-liberalorder-8146

[12] GrahamAllison, “The Myth of the LiberalOrder”, p.133.米尔斯海默的观点也与艾利森相似,认为是自由主义的干预政策导致了在海外“无休止的战争”和“国内的非自由主义”。(点击此处阅读下一页)

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