节大磊:霸权的黄昏?——现实主义理论与美国外交战略的演变

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进入专题: 现实主义   美国外交   特朗普政府   奥巴马政府   离岸制衡  

节大磊 (进入专栏)  
” Security Studies, Vol. 6, No. 1 (1996), pp. 54-57。但是也有其他现实主义学者强调,国际政治和外交政策无法截然分开。参见Colin Elman, “Horses for Courses: Why Not Neorealist Theories of Foreign Policy?” Security Studies, Vol. 6, No. 1 (1996), pp. 7-53。新古典现实主义在结合国际政治和外交政策方面做了不少努力,最新进展参见Norrin M. Ripsman, Jeffrey W. Taliaferro, and Steven E. Lobell, Neoclassical Realist Theory of International Politics (New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2016)。

   [14] David Brooks, “Obama, Gospel and Verse,” New York Times, April 26, 2007.

   [15] Andrew Sullivan, “The Tragedy of Hope,” The Atlantic, December 11, 2009, https://www.theatlantic.com/daily-dish/archive/2009/12/the-tragedy-of-hope/193096/; George Packer, “Peace and War,” New Yorker, December 21, 2009, https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2009/12/21/peace-and-war.

   [16] Fred Kaplan, “The Realist,” 2014.

   [17] Barack H. Obama, Nobel Lecture, December 10, 2009, https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2009/obama-lecture_en.html.

   [18] David E. Sanger, Confront and Conceal: Obama’s Secret Wars and Surprising Use of American Power (New York, NY: Broadway Paperbacks, 2013)。

   [19] Barack H. Obama, Remarks by the President in Address to the Nation on the Way Forward in Afghanistan and Pakistan, the White House, December 1, 2009, https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/the-press-office/remarks-president-address-nation-way-forward-afghanistan-and-pakistan.

   [20] Derek H. Chollet, The Long Game: How Obama Defied Washington and Redefined America’s Role in the World (New York, NY: PublicAffairs, 2016), p. 216.

   [21] Jeffrey M. Goldberg, “The Obama Doctrine,” The Atlantic, April 2016, https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2016/04/the-obama-doctrine/471525/.

   [22] The White House, “President Trump’s Speech to the Arab Islamic American Summit,” May 21, 2017, https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefings-statements/president-trumps-speech-arab-islamic-american-summit/.

   [23] The White House, “Remarks by President Trump to the 72nd Session of the United Nations General Assembly,” September 19, 2017, https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefings-statements/remarks-president-trump-72nd-session-united-nations-general-assembly/.

   [24] The White House, National Security Strategy of the United States of America, December 2017, p. 1.

   [25] Rex W. Tillerson, “Remarks to U.S. Department of State Employees,” May 3, 2017, https://www.state.gov/secretary/remarks/2017/05/270620.htm.

   [26] Julian Borger, “Rex Tillerson: ‘America First’ Means Divorcing Our Policy from Our Values,” the Guardian, May 3, 3017, https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2017/may/03/rex-tillerson-america-first-speech-trump-policy.

   [27] Office of the Press Secretary, the White House, News Conference by President Obama, April 4, 2009, https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/the-press-office/news-conference-president-obama-4042009.

   [28] Ron Fournier, “Obama’s New American Exceptionalism,” The Atlantic, July 28, 2016, https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2016/07/obamas-new-american-exceptionalism/493415/; Greg Jaffe, “Obama’s New Patriotism,” Washington Post, June 3, 2015; Barack H. Obama, “Remarks by the President at the United States Military Academy Commencement Ceremony,” May 28, 2014, https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/the-press-office/2014/05/28/remarks-president-united-states-military-academy-commencement-ceremony。遵守国际规范的确不是现实主义的信条,但是奥巴马也提到,这只适用于对美国安全不构成直接威胁的情况。另外,也不可能有任何一届政府的对外政策完全符合现实主义或者任何其他的主义。

   [29] Office of the Press Secretary, the White House, “Remarks by the President at Cairo University,” June 4, 2009, https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/the-press-office/remarks-president-cairo-university-6-04-09.

   [30] Barack H. Obama, “President Barack Obama’s Inaugural Address,” January 20, 2009, https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/blog/2009/01/21/president-barack-obamas-inaugural-address.

   [31]  樊吉社,《奥巴马主义:美国外交的战略调适》,载《外交评论》,2015年第1期,第73-74页。有关美国和伊朗之间针对伊核问题的秘密谈判,参见Hillary R. Clinton, Hard Choices (New York, NY: Simon & Schuster, 2014), Chapter 18。

   [32] Jeffrey A. Bader, Obama and China’s Rise: An Insider’s Account of America’s Asia Strategy (Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press, 2012), pp. 94-95.

   [33] Office of the Press Secretary, the White House, “Statement by the President on Cuba Policy Changes,” December 17, 2014; Robert Menendez, “Sen. Menendez: One-Sided Deal Rewards Cuba Regime,” USA Today, December 17, 2014.

[34] Office of the Press Secretary, the White House, “Remarks by President Obama in Address to the United Nations General Assembly,” September 24, 2013, https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/the-press-office/2013/09/24/remarks-president-obama-address-united-nations-general-assembly; Editorial Board, “Trouble at the Core of U.S. Foreign Policy,” Washington Post, September 25,(点击此处阅读下一页)

进入 节大磊 的专栏     进入专题: 现实主义   美国外交   特朗普政府   奥巴马政府   离岸制衡  

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