汪舒明:美国犹太教“极化”进程中的以色列因素

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进入专题: 犹太教   以色列  

汪舒明  
pp.187-198.

   (41)Yossi Shai,"Jewish Kinship at a Crossroads:Lessons for Homelands and Diasporas," Political Science Quarterly,Vol.117,No.2,Summer 2002,pp.279-309.

   (42)Asher Cohen and Bernard Susser,Israel and the Politics of Jewish Identity:The Secular-Religous Impasse,prologue,p.xii.

   (43)Jerold S.Auerbach,Are We One? Jewish Identity in the United States and Israel,New Brunswick:Rutgers University Press,2001,p.191.

   (44)参见Yoram Peri,"The Assassination:Causes,Meaning,Outcomes," in Yoram Peri,ed.,The Assassination of Yitzhak Rabin,Stanford:Stanford University Press,2000,pp.26-62。

   (45)Jerold S.Auerbach,Are We One? Jewish Identity in the United States and Israel,p.204.

   (46)Asher Cohen and Bernard Susser,Israel and the Politics of Jewish Identity:The SecularReligous Impasse,p.122.

   (47)Ibid.,p.124.

   (48)犹太联合会是由非正统派主导的、非教派性犹太社团慈善组织。

   (49)Abraham Ben-Zvi,Partnership Under Stress:The American Jewish Community and Israel,Memrandum No.52,Jaffee Center for Strategic Studies,Tel Aviv University,August 1998; Jack Wertheimer,"American Jews and Israel:A 60-Year Retrospective," pp.3-79.

   (50)Yossi Shai,"Jewish Kinship at a Crossroads:Lessons for Homelands and Diasporas," pp.279-309.

   (51)Anshel Pfeffer,"2010-2019|The Decade in Which All Israelis Became Netanyahu," Haaretz,December 31,2019,https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium-the-decade-in-which-all-israelis-became-netanyahu-1.8329531,上网时间:2020年7月10日。

   (52)Gil Hoffman,Khaled Abu Toameh and Omri Nahmias,"Netanyahu Vows to Annex All Settlements,Starting with Jordan Valley," The Jerusalem Post,September 11,2019,https://www.jpost.com/Israel-News/Prime-Minister-Netanyahu-expected-to-announce-annexation-of-Jordan-Valley-601207,上网时间:2020年6月18日。

   (53)"New Bill Would Entrench Orthodox Monopoly over Jewish Conversion in Israel," Jewish Telegraphic Agency,April 29,2018,https://www.jta.org/2018/04/27/israel/new-bill-entrench-orthodox-monopoly-jewish-conversion-israel,上网时间:2020年6月18日。

   (54)"Rabbi Rick Jacobs and Other Reform Leaders Pushed and Shoved by Western Wall Security," Jewish Telegraphic Agency,November 16,2017,https://www.jta.org/2017/11/16/news-opinion/israel-middle-east/rabbi,-rick-jacobs-and-other-reform-leaders-clash-with-guards-at-western-wall,上网时间:2020年8月20日。

   (55)"Netanyahu Cheers Jewish State Law as a 'Pivotal Moment' in Zionist History," The Times of Israel,July 19,2018,https://www.timesofisrael.com/netanyahu-hails-jewish-state-law-as-a-pivotal-moment-in-zionist-history/,上网时间:2020年8月20日。

   (56)艾仁贵:《从“事实”转向“法理”——〈犹太民族国家法〉与以色列国家属性的再界定》,载《世界民族》2020年第2期,第32-47页。

   (57)Jerold S.Auerbach,Are We One? Jewish Identity in the United States and Israel,p.112.

   (58)Judy Maltz,"Divorcing the Diaspora:How Netanyahu Is Finally Writing off U.S.Jews," Haaretz,November 23,2017,https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/1.821523,上网时间:2020年9月28日。

   (59)Jeremy Sharon,"Netanyahu:Loss of Identity Is Most Serious Challenge for Diaspora Jews," The Jerusalem Post,October 24,2018,https://www.jpost.com/diaspora/netanyahu-loss-of-identity-is-most-serious-challenge-for-diaspora-jews-570232,上网时间:2020年10月29日。

   (60)Anshel Pfeffer,"Israel's Education Minister Just Said Most American Jews Are Dead to Him," Haaretz,July 11,2019,https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium-israel-s-education-minister-just-said-most-american-jews-are-dead-to-him-l.7492727,上网时间:2020年10月29日。

   (61)Naftali Bennett,"Why Israel Is Investing in Diaspora Jewish Education," Jewish Telegraphic Agency,April 26,2018,https://www.jta.org/2018/04/26/united-states/israel-investing-diaspora-jewish-education,上网时间:2021年1月8日。

   (62)全球性犹太学生组织。

   (63)犹太教正统派分支。

   (64)Judy Maltz,"Why Israel Is Spending Millions on Orthodox Missionary Work-and How This Empowers the Settlers," Haaretz,June 15,2017,https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premiumhow-israeli-schools-teach-religious-nationalism-as-the-only-way-to-be-jewish-l.8061651,上网时间:2021年1月8日。

   (65)Alex Sinclair,"Israel's Exporting Its Ultra-nationalist,Religious Right,and Diaspora Kids Are the Target," Haaretz,July 28,2017,https://www.haaretz.com/opinion/.premium-diasporajews-beware-israel-s-extremism-is-coming-to-your-day-school-l.5435399,上网时间:2021年1月8日。

   (66)Steven Pruzansky,"Abolish the Rabbinate?," Israel National News,December 14,2018,https://www.israelnationalnews.com/Articles/Article.aspx/23155,上网时间:2020年10月7日。

   (67)2019年,以犹太颂歌(dayenu)形式表达对特朗普的感激,在“犹太裔共和党联盟”等犹太右翼势力中颇为流行。参见Steven Pruzansky,"The Trump 'Dayenu'," Israel National News,April 14,2019,http://www.israelnationalnews.com/Articles/Article.aspx/23775,上网时间:2020年10月7日。

   (68)Dov Waxman,Trouble in the Tribe:The American Jewish Conflict over Israel,Princeton and Oxford:Princeton University Press,2016,pp.120-122.

  

  

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