肖河:国际私营安保治理与中国海外利益保护

选择字号:   本文共阅读 510 次 更新时间:2019-03-03 00:07:44

进入专题: 私营安保     海外利益保护     国际安全治理     国家安全  

肖河  
"Proportionality in the Morality of War," Philosophy and Public Affairs,Vol.33,No.1,2005,pp.34-36.

   (29)Scott Fitzsimmons,"Just War Theory and Private Security Companies," International Affairs,Vol.91,No.5,2015,pp.1069-1084.

   (30)"Special Rapporteur on Use of Mercenaries as a Means of Impeding the Exercise of the Right of Peoples to Self-Determination," http://www.ohchr.org/EN/Issues/Mercenaries/SRMercenaries/Pages/SRMercenariesIndex.aspx,访问时间:2017年11月7日。

   (31)"International Convention against the Recruitment,Use,Financing and Training of Mercenaries," Article 1,2,http://www.un.org/documents/ga/res/44/a44r034.htm,访问时间:2017年7月11日。

   (32)Martha Lizabeth Phelps,"Doppelgangers of the State:Private Security and Transferable Legitimacy," p.831.

   (33)"Report on the Question of the Use of Mercenaries as a Means of Violating Human Rights and Impeding the Exercise of the Right of Peoples to Self-Determination,Submitted by the Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights," Paragraph 40,21,http://www.ohchr.org/EN/Issues/Mercenaries/SRMercenaries/Pages/SRMercenariesIndex.aspx,访问时间:2017年11月7日。

   (34)"Memorandum from General Sir David Ramsbotham GCB CBE," http://www.parliament.the-stationery-office.co.uk/pa/cm200102/cmselect/cmfaff/922/2061313.htm,访问时间:2017年11月7日。

   (35)Sarah Percy,"Regulating the Private Security Industry:A Story of Regulating the Last War," International Review of Red Cross,Vol.94,No.887,2012,p.952.

   (36)"Report of Ms.Shaista Shamecn,Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the Question of the Use of Mercenaries as a Means of Violating Human Rights and Impeding the Exercise of the Right of Peoples to Self-Determination," http://ap.ohchr.org/documents/alldocs.aspx? doc_id=11420,访问时间:2017年11月7日。

   (37)Alan Bryden and Marina Caparini,Private Actors and Security Governance,Geneva:The Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces,2006,p.219.

   (38)"Private Security Companies Lack Oversight and Regulation-UN Working Group," http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp? NewsID=25924,访问时间:2017年11月7日。

   (39)Jose L.Gomez del Prado,"The Privatization of War:Mercenaries,Private Military and Security Companies," http://www.globalresearch.ca/the-privatization-of-war-mercenaries-private-military-and-security-companies-pmsc/21826,访问时间:2017年11月7日。

   (40)"Guidelines on the Use of Armed Security Services from Private Security Companies," United Nations Department of Safety and Security,F,Article 25,a.

   (41)J.Chris Haile,"New U.N.Draft International Convention on the Regulation,Oversight and Monitoring of Private Military and Security Companies," International Government Contractor,Vol.6,No.9,2009,p.5.

   (42)United Nations Document,A/HRC/RES/15/26,https://documents-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/G10/167/41/PDF/G1016741.pdf,访问时间:2017年11月7日。

   (43)参见http://www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/HRC/WGMilitary/Pages/OEIWGMilitaryIndex.aspx,访问时间:2017年11月7日。

   (44)Sorcha MacLeod,"Private Security Companies and Shared Responsibility:The Turn to Multi-Stake Holder Standard-Setting and Monitoring through Self-Regulation-Plus," Netherlands International Law Review,Vol.62,No.1,2015,pp.119-140.

   (45)United Nations Document,A/HRC/30/47,July 9,2015,https://documents-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/G15/152/59/PDF/G1515259.pdf? OpenElement,访问时间:2017年11月7日。

   (46)Emmylou Boddi,Anna Marie Burdzy and Nelleke Van Amstel,Putting Private Security Regulation into Practice:Sharing Good Practices on Procurement and Contracting,2015-2016:A Scoping Study,p.i.

   (47)James Cockayne and Emily Speers Mears,Private Military and Security Companies:A Framework for Regulation,New York:International Peace Institute,2009,p.3.

   (48)参见"G4S Integrated Report and Accounts 2015," p.2,http://www.g4s.com/~/media/Files/Annu al%20Reports/ARA%202015%20Extracts/G4S%202015%20Integrated%20Report.pdf,访问时间:2017年11月7日。

   (49)欧盟对于成员国采购私营安保服务的监管主要分为两个部分:一是分别规范国防和安全采购和一般公共采购的Diroctive 2009/81/EC和Directive 2014/24/EU;二是被称为雅典机制(Athena mechanism)的一系列用于规范涉及欧洲共同安全防卫政策的安保采购服务。

   (50)Herbert Wulf,Internationalizing and Privatizing War and Peace,New York:Palgrave Macmillan,2005.

   (51)Emmylou Boddietl,Anna Marie Burdzy and Nelleke Van Amstel,Putting Private Security Regulation into Practice:Sharing Good Practices on Procurement and Contracting,2015-2016:A Scoping Study,p.2.

   (52)《武装冲突期间各国关于私营军事和安保服务公司营业的相关国际法律义务和良好惯例的蒙特勒文件》,《第一部分:关于私营军事和安保服务公司的相关国际法律义务》A类第7条,http://www.icrc.org/chi/resources/documents/publication/p0996.htm,访问时间:2017年11月7日。

   (53)International Code of Conduct for Private Security Services Provider,A Preamble,Paragraph 2,E,F,G,2010.

   (54)"Article of Association,ICoCA," Article 7.2,Article 11,https://www.icoca.ch/en/articles_of_association,访问时间:2017年11月7日。

(55)Emmylou Boddi,(点击此处阅读下一页)

    进入专题: 私营安保     海外利益保护     国际安全治理     国家安全  

本文责编:陈冬冬
发信站:爱思想(http://www.aisixiang.com),栏目:天益学术 > 国际关系 > 中国外交
本文链接:http://www.aisixiang.com/data/115333.html
文章来源:《世界经济与政治》 2018年01期

0 推荐

在方框中输入电子邮件地址,多个邮件之间用半角逗号(,)分隔。

爱思想(aisixiang.com)网站为公益纯学术网站,旨在推动学术繁荣、塑造社会精神。
凡本网首发及经作者授权但非首发的所有作品,版权归作者本人所有。网络转载请注明作者、出处并保持完整,纸媒转载请经本网或作者本人书面授权。
凡本网注明“来源:XXX(非爱思想网)”的作品,均转载自其它媒体,转载目的在于分享信息、助推思想传播,并不代表本网赞同其观点和对其真实性负责。若作者或版权人不愿被使用,请来函指出,本网即予改正。
Powered by aisixiang.com Copyright © 2021 by aisixiang.com All Rights Reserved 爱思想 京ICP备12007865号-1 京公网安备11010602120014号.
工业和信息化部备案管理系统