丁晓东:宪法与政治实践视野下的美国副总统制

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进入专题: 副总统   宪法   政治实践  

丁晓东  

   [27]Id.,p. 94.

   [28]See Bill Clinton, My Life,Alfred A. Knopf, 2004.

   [29]See Joel K. Goldstein,“ The New Constitutional Vice Presidency”,30 Wake Forest Law Re-view 505 ,545-546(1995).

   [30]Jo Becker&Barton Gellman,“Angler: The Cheney Vice Presidency: A Strong Push from Backstage”,Washington Post, Jun. 26,2007.

   [31]See Joel K. Goldstein, The Modern American Vice Presidency: The Transformation of a Politi-cal Institution, supra note[1],chapter 7.

   [32]See Joel K. Goldstein,“The Rising Power of Modern Vice Presidency”,38 Presidential Studies Quarterly 374 (2008).

   [33]Richard Albert, “The Evolving Vice Presidency”,supra note[18],p.824.

   [34]Id.,p. 859.

   [35]Vikram David Amar,“The Cheney Decision-A Missed Chance to Straighten Out Some Mud-dled Issues”,2004 Cato Supreme Court Review 185,192-99(2004).

   [36]Cheneyv.U. S. District Court for the District of Columbia, 542 U. S. 391-92 (2004).

   [37]宪法英文原文内容为:“In Case of the Removal of the President from Office, or of his Death,Resignation,or Inability to discharge the Powers and Duties of the said Office, the same shall de-volve on the Vice President, and the Congress may by Law provide for the Case of Removal, Death, Res-ignation or Inability, both of the President and Vice President, declaring what Officer shall then act as President, and such Officer shall act accordingly , until the Disability be removed, or a President shall beelected.”

   [38]See J. D. Feerick,From Failing Hands, Fordham University Press, 1965,pp. 50-51,89-98;E. S. Corwin,The President:Office and Powers, 4th ed.,New York University Press, 1957,p.54.

   [39]《宪法第二十修正案》第3款规定:“如当选总统在规定总统任期开始的时间已经死亡,当选副总统应成为总统。”

   [40]J. D. Feerick, From Failing Hands, Fordham University Press, 1965,p.66.

   [41]亚当斯和杰斐逊的身份特殊,拥有崇高的声望,很难说是副总统这一职位给他们提供了通向总统的政治平台和跳板。

   [42]See Joel K. Goldstein, The Modern American Vice Presidency: The Transformation of a Politi-cal Institution, supra note [1] .p. 250.

   [43]Gerald Ford,“On the Threshold of the White House”,Atlantic Monthly, July 1974.

   [44]Irving G. Williams, The Rise of the Vice Presidency, supra note [20],p.71.

   [45]Clinton Rossiter, The American Presidency, Harcourt, Brace&Company,1956.

   [46]Joel K. Goldstein .The Modern American Vice Presidency: The Transformation of a Political Institution, supra note[1].

   [47]Nelson W. Polshy, Political Promises: Essays and Commentary on American Politics, Oxford University Press, 1974.

   [48]Joel K. Goldstein, The Modern American Vice Presidency: The Transformation of a Political Institution, supra note[1],p. 47.

   [49]这一因素仍然是大多数总统候选人在挑选搭档时的主要考虑,总统候选人巴里?歌德华特(Barry Goldwater)曾在1972年说:“让我们坦诚面对这一点。今天我们选择副总统的方式就是为了多一些选票……你并不会坐下来说,‘这里有五个人,谁将是最好的总统?’我也同样并不喜欢这样,真正的问题是‘这五个人里面,谁可以给我弄到最多的选票?’”See “The Role of the Vice Presidency:On Choosing a Vice President”,transcript of CBS News Special Report, August 6,reprinted in Current, October 1972, pp.51-52.

   [50]Paul David,“ The Vice Presidency: Its Institutional Evolution and Contemporary Status”,29 The Journal of Politics 721,748(1967).

   [51]Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr.,“On the Presidential Succession”,89 Political Science Quarterly475. 479(1974).

   [52]Henry Kissinger, White House Years,Little Brown, 1979,p.713.

   [53]Doris Goodwin, Lyndon Johnson and the American Dream. Harper and Row.1976.p. 164.

   [54]Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr.,“On the Presidential Succession”,supra note [51],pp. 475-505.

   [55]See Joel K. Goldstein, “The Rising Power of Modern Vice Presidency”,supra note [32],379.

   [56]Richard Moe,“The Making of the Modern Vice Presidency: A Personal Reflection”,60 Minnesota History 60,88-99 (2006).

   [57]See Joel K. Goldstein, “The Rising Power of Modern Vice Presidency”,supra note[32],p.380.

   [58]Eugene Robinson, “Angler’for Power”,Washington Post, June 26, 2007.

   [59]See Barton Gellman&Jo Becker, “A Different Understanding with the President”,Washing-ton Post, June 24, 2007.

   [60]Barton Gellman&Jo Becker,“Angler: The Cheney Vice Presidency: The Unseen Path to Cruelty”,Washington Post, June 25,2007.

   [61]Id.

   [62]Barton Gellman&Jo Becker,“A Different Understanding with the President’,supra note[59].

   [63]Joel K. Goldstein,“The Rising Power of Modern Vice Presidency”,supra note[32],p.375.

   [64]一个例子是,当切尼接受电视台采访,被问到三分之二的美国人认为伊拉克战争不值得的时候,切尼的回答是,“那又怎样?”(so?),参见http://abcnews. go. com/WN/Vote2008/story?id = 4481249&page = 1,最后访问日期2013年1月11日。

   [65]关于政治宪法学的主张,参见陈端洪:“宪法学的知识界碑—政治学者和宪法学者关于制宪权的对话”,载《开放时代》2010年第3期;高全喜:“论宪法政治—关于法治主义理论的另一个视角”,载《北大法律评论》2005年第6卷第2辑,北京大学出版社2005年版;高全喜、田飞龙:“政治宪法学的问题、定位与方法”,载《苏州大学学报(哲学社会科学版)》2011年第3期。关于规范宪法学的主张,参见林来梵、翟国强:“宪法学思考中的事实与价值—有关宪法学的一个哲学话题”,载《四川大学学报(哲学社会科学版)》2007年第3期;林来梵、郑磊:“所谓‘围绕规范’—续谈方法论意义上的规范宪法学”,载《浙江学刊》2005年第4期。

   [66]关于这两种视角的冲突,参见Paul W. Kahn, The Reign of Law: Marbury v. Madison andthe Construction of America, Yale University Press, 2002.在这本书中,卡恩教授深入地阐述了美国宪政体系中宪法思维和政治思维的紧张。

    

   丁晓东,中国人民大学法学院讲师。

   来源:《北大法律评论》2013年第2期

    进入专题: 副总统   宪法   政治实践  

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