董春华:论美国侵权法限制运动及其发展趋势

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进入专题: 美国侵权法   限制运动  

董春华  

   [27]Chris A. Messerly, Genevieve M. Warwick, Nowhere to Turn: A Glance at the Facts Behind the Supposed Need for Tort “Reform”,28 Hemline L. Rev. 489,496 (Summer 2005).

   [28]石棉致害和硅胶丰胸致害使得成千上万的人提起了诉讼,这些诉讼在短期内成为侵权法绝对数量增长的重要原因。

   [29]supra note 27, at 504.

   [30]supra note 20, at 557.

   [31]supra note 26, at 1280-1281.

   [32]supra note 23,at 1095.

   [33]California Experiences “Sharp Decline” in Claims Closed with $ 1 Million of More Payouts, Med. Liab. Monitor 8(May 14 , 2002).

   [34]Chris A. Messerly&Genevieve M. Warwick, Nowhere to Turn: A Glance at the Facts Behind the Supposed Need for Tort “Reform”,28 Hamline L. Rev. 489,504 (Summer 2005).

   [35]Steven Brill&James Lyons, Cashing in on People's Fears, 15 Student Law. 28, 32 (1986-1987).

   [36]Valerie P. Hans, Empowering the Active Jury:A Genuine Ton Reform, 13 Roger Williams U. L. Rev. 39, 45 (Winter 2008).

   [37]President George W.Bush, President Announces Framework to Modernize and Improve Medicare, News&Policies Immediate Release(D.C.,Mar. 4, 2003).

   [38]Liebeck v. McDonald's Restaurants, P. T. S.,Inc.,No. D-202 CV-93-02419, 1995 WL 360309(Bernalillo County, N. M. Dist. Ct. Aug. 18, 1994).

   [39]Larry Lyon Bradley J. B. Toben, James M. Underwood, William D. Underwood&James Wren, Straight from the Horse’s Mouth: Judicial Observations of Jury Behavior and the Need for Tort Reform, 59 Baylor L. Rev. 419, 433(spring 2007).

   [40]Theodore B. Olson, Clinton's Payoffs to the Trial Lawyers, Wall St. J. A 10 (Mar. 15, 1996).

   [41]Victor E. Schwartz&Leah Lorber, Twisting the Purpose of Pain and Suffering Awards: Turning Compensation into “Punishment”,54 S.C. L. Rev. 47,48-49 (2002).

   [42]Walter K. Olson, The Litigation Explosion: What Happened When America Unleashed the Lawsuit 5 (Truman Talley Books 1991)

   [43][美]伯纳德·施瓦茨:《美国法律史》,王军译,中国政法大学出版社1997年印刷版,第14页。

   [44]F. G .Bailey, The Tactical Uses of Passion: An Essay on Power, Reason, and Reality, 23(Cornell University Press 1983)

   [45]Sandra F. Gavin, Stealth Tort Reform, 42 Val. U. L. Rev. 431,444-445 (Winter 2008).

   [46]See Steven Brill&James Lyons, The Not So Simple Crisis, American Lawyer 1,12-17 (May 1986).

   [47]supra note 26, at 1159.

   [48]supra note 26,at 1160-1161.

   [49]同注43引书,第14页。

   [50]同注43引书,第12页。

   [51]Marbury v. Madison (5 U. S. 137, 1803)案是美国联邦最高法院运用司法审查权的首次实践,在世界范围内开创了违宪审查的先河。

   [52][美]汉密尔顿、杰伊、麦迪逊:《联邦党人文集》,程逢如、在汉、舒逊译,商务印书馆2007年印刷版,第393页。

   [53]Victor Schwartz, Judicial Nullification of Tort Reform: Ignoring History, Logu,and Fundamentals of Constitutional Law, 31 Seton Hall L. Rev. 688 (2001).

   [54]W. Page Keeton, Introduction to Symposium on Developments in Tort Law and Tort Reform by W. Page Keeton: Thoughts on Tort Reform,18 St. Mary 's L. J. 669, 671-672(1987).

   [55]Mancur Olson, The Logic of Collective Action: Public Goods and the Theory of Groups, 127 (Harvard University Press, rev. ed. 1971,20th pringting, 2002).

   [56]Id. at 128.

   [57]Gary S. Becker, A Theory of Competition Among Pressure Groups for Political Influence, 98 Q. J. Econ. 371,385(1983).

   [58]Max H. Deleon, Public Choice Theory, Interest Groups, and Tort Reform, 2012 U. Ⅲ. L. Rev. 1787, 1792 (2012).

   [59][美]罗伯特·N.贝拉等:《心灵的习性—美国个人生活中的个人主义和公共责任》,周穗明、翁寒松、翟宏彪译,中国社会科学出版社2011年版,第190页。

   [60]同注59引书,第190页。

   [61]陈平:“美国侵权行为法评析”,载《四川师范大学学报》(社会科学版)1999年第2期,第59页。

   [62]McPherson v. Buick Motor Co.,217 N. Y. 382, 111 N. E. 1050 (1916).

   [63]Deborah J. La Fetra, Freedom, Responsibility, and Risk: Fundamental Principles Supporting Tort Reform, 36 Ind. L. Rev. 645 (2003).

   [64]Stephen Daniels&Joanne Martin, “The Impact That It has Had is Between People’s ears”:Tort Reform, Mass Culture, and Plaintgal Lawyers, 50 DePaul L. Rev. 453,473 (2000).

   [65]Lynne Liberato&Kent Rutter, Legal Trends: The Numbers Show Success of Tort Reform Goals, 50 Houston Lawyer 41,44 (2013).

   [66]Id. at 44-45.

   [67]Id. at 45.

   [68]supra note 64, at 478.

   [69]Paul H. Rubin&Joanna M. Shepherd, Tort Reform and Accidental Deaths, 50 J. Law&Econ. 221,235 (May 2007).

   [70]Joanna M. Shepherd, Tort Reforms’ Winners and Losers: The Competing Effects of Care and Activity Levels, 55 UCLA L. Rev. 905 (April2008).

   [71]Joanna M. Shepherd, Product Liability and Economic Activity: An Empirical Analysis of Tort Reform’s Impact on Business, Employment, and Production, 66 Vand. L. Rev. 257,316-317 (Jan. 2013).

   [72]See Carl T. Bogus, War on the Common Law: The Struggle at the Center of Products Liability, 60 MO. L. Rev. 1 (1995).

[73]See Gary T. Schwartz,(点击此处阅读下一页)

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