郭延军:美国《1964年民权法》与女性平等就业权

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进入专题: 就业权   性别歧视   平等保护   《1964年民权法》  

郭延军  

  [9][英]J. D. 波尔: 《美国平等的历程》,张聚国译,商务印书馆 2007 年版,第347页。

  [10]Judith A. Baer,The Chains of Protection—The Judicial Response to Women’s Labor Legislation,Greenwood Press,1978,p. 32.

  [11]Lochner v. New York,198 U. S. 45 (1905)

  [12]Muller v. State of Oregon,208 U. S. 412 (1908)

  [13][美]凯斯•R•桑斯坦: 《偏颇的宪法》,宋华琳、毕竞悦译,北京大学出版社 2005 年版,第73页。

  [14]Judith A. Baer,The Chains of Protection: The Judicial Response to Women’s Labor Legislation,Greenwood Press,1978,p. 72.

  [15]Albie Sachs & Joan Hoff Wilson,Sexism and the Law: A Study of Male Beliefs and Legal Bias in Britain and the United States,The Free Press,New York,1979,p. 115.

  [16]Barbara Allen Babcock,Ann E. Freedman,Eleanor Holmes Norton & Susan C. Ross,Sex Discrimination and the Law: Causes and Remedies,Little,Brown and Company,Boston,1975 p25.

  [17]Pauli Murray,The Rights of Women,in The Rights of Americans 521,525( N. Dorsen ed. 1971) ,转引自 Herma Hill Kay & Martha S. West,Text,Cases and Materials on Sex - based Discrimination,5th ed. West Group,2002,p. 15。

  [18]Barbara Allen Babcock,Ann E. Freedman,Eleanor Holmes Norton & Susan C. Ross,Sex Discrimination and the Law: Causes and Remedies,Little,Brown and Company,Boston,1975,p. 41.

  [19]Adkins v. Children's Hospital,261 U. S. 525 (1923) .

  [20]West Coast Hotel Co. v. Parrish,300 U. S. 379 (1937)

  [21]West Coast Hotel Co. v. Parrish ,300 U. S. 379,391 (1937) .

  [22]West Coast Hotel Co. v. Parrish ,300 U. S. 379,393 (1937) .

  [23]West Coast Hotel Co. v. Parrish ,300 U. S. 379,394 (1937) .

  [24]Goesaert v. Cleary ,335 U. S. 464 (1937) .

  [25]Goesaert v. Cleary ,335 U. S. 464,466 (1937) .

  [26]Goesaert v. Cleary ,335 U. S. 464,466 (1937) .

  [27]Goesaert v. Cleary ,335 U. S. 464,466 (1937) .

  [28]Barbara Allen Babcock,Ann E. Freedman,Eleanor Holmes Norton & Susan C. Ross,Sex Discrimination and theLaw: Causes and Remedies,Little,Brown and Company,Boston,1975,p. 129.

  [29][美]盖尔•柯林斯: 《美国女人: 玩偶 苦力 内助 英雄》,暴永宁等译,东方出版社 2006 年版,第 543 页。

  [30]110 Cong. Rec. 2720 (l964)

  [31]110 Cong. Rec. 2577 (l964)

  [32]Jo. Freeman,How“Sex”Got Into Title VII: Persistent Opportunism as a Maker of Public Policy,资料来源: http: / /www. jofreeman. com/lawandpolicy/titlevii. htm,访问日期为 2011 年 6 月 20 日。

  [33][美]德博拉•G•费尔德: 《女人的一个世纪———从选举权到避孕药》,姚燕瑾、徐欣译,新星出版社 2006年版,第239页。

  [34]Michael Evan Gold,A Tale of Two Amendments: The Reasons Congress Added Sex to Title VII and Their Implication for the Issue of Comparable Worth. 资 料 来 源: http: //digitalcommons. ilr. cornell. edu/cgi/viewcontent. cgi? article =1010&context = cbpubs,访问日期为 2011 年 6 月 20 日。

  [35]110 Cong. Rec. 2581 (l964)

  [36]Terry H. Anderson,The Pursuit of Fairness: A History of Affirmative Action,Oxford University Press,Inc. ,2004,p.81.

  [37]See Terry H. Anderson,The Pursuit of Fairness: A History of Affirmative Action,Oxford University Press,Inc. ,2004,pp. 81 - 82.

  [38]Leo Kanowitz,Women and the Law: The Unfinished Revolution,University of New Mexico Press Albuquerque,1969,p. 279,Note 35.

  [39]Blumrosen,The Individual Right to Eliminate Employment Discrimination By Litigation,in 19 PROC. INDUS. RESEARCH Ass’N 1 ( 1967) .

  [40]Leo Kanowitz,Women and the Law: The Unfinished Revolution,University of New Mexico Press Albuquerque,1969,p. 281,Note 46.

  [41]See Now Legal Defense and Education Fund and Dr. Renée Cherow - O’Leary,The State - By - State Guide to Women’s Legal Rights,McGraw - Hill Book Company,1987.

  [42]29 CFR § 1604. 2 (b) (1969)

  [43]Rosenfeld v. Southern Pacific Company,444 F. 2d 1219 ( 9th Cir. 1971) .

  [44]See Arthur Larson & Lex. K. Larson,November 1980 Cumulative Supplement: Employment Discrimination Vol. 1,Sex,Mathew Bender & Company,New York,1980,Chapter V,pp. 5 - 7.

  [45]See Now Legal Defense and Education Fund and Dr. Renée Cherow - O’Leary,The State - By - State Guide to Women’s Legal Rights,McGraw - Hill Book Company,1987.

  [46]U.S. Dep’t of Labor,Women’s Bureau,Women Workers Today 1 (1970) . 转引自 Arthur Larson & Lex. K. Larson,November 1980 Cumulative Supplement: Employment Discrimination 1 Sex,Mathew Bender & Company,New York,1980,pp.1 - 8。

  [47]N.Y Times,Apr. 11,1971,at 1,Col. 3. ,转引自 Arthur Larson & Lex. K. Larson,November 1980 Cumulative Supplement: Employment Discrimination 1 Sex,Mathew Bender & Company,New York,1980,pp. 1 - 9。

  [48]Waldman,Marital and Family Characteristics of the U. S. Labor Force,93 Monthly Labor Rev. No. 5,p. 18 ( May 1970) ,reprinted in 1970 Hearings 977,978. 转引自 Arthur Larson & Lex. K. Larson,November 1980 Cumulative Supplement: Employment Discrimination 1 Sex,Mathew Bender & Company,New York,1980,pp. 1 - 9。

  [49]Leo Kanowitz,Women and the Law: The Unfinished Revolution,University of New Mexico Press Albuquerque ,1969,p.106.

    进入专题: 就业权   性别歧视   平等保护   《1964年民权法》  

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文章来源:《华东政法大学学报》 2011年第4期

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