张向荣:正义与发展党执政以来土耳其的巴尔干政策新变化

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进入专题: 土耳其外交     巴尔干     正义与发展党  

张向荣  
(46)"Turkey Restores Ottoman Era Legacies in the Balkans",Daily Sabah,February 15,2017,https://www.dailysabah.com/history/2017/02/15/turkey-restores-ottoman-era-legacies-in-the-balkans,2019-11-25.

  

   (47)Mehmet Ugur Ekinci,"Turkey's ‘Zero Problems' Era in the Balkans",Analysis SETA,October,No.1,2013,p.18.

  

   (48)"Foreign Minister Davutoglu:848 New Graduates are Now Turkey's New Honorary Ambassadors",June 27,2013,http://www.mfagov.tr/foreign-minister-davutoglu-848-new-graduates-are-now-turkey-new-honorary-ambassadorsenmfa,2020-08-20.

  

   (49)Kerem ktem and Ayse Kadioglu,Another Empire? A Decade of Foreign Policy under the Justice and Development Party,Istanbul Bilgi University Press,2012,p.88.

  

   (50)M.Aydin,"Diyanet's Global Vision",The Muslim World,Vol.98,No.2,2008,p.168.

  

   (51)参见土耳其尤努斯·埃姆雷学院官方网站:http://www.yee.orgtr/en/corporate/yunus-emre-enstitusu,2019-11-25。

  

   (52)同上。

  

   (53)2016年土耳其发生未遂军事政变以后,埃尔多安称居伦为政变的幕后策划者。在埃尔多安的压力下,巴尔干地区多个居伦组织的学校被查禁和关闭。

  

   (54)Adriano Remiddi,"Turkey in the Western Balkans:Between Orientalist Cultural Proximity and Re-Orientation of Regional Equilibria",Balkan Social Science Review,Vol.1,June 2013,p.221.

  

   (55)Cigdem Bugdayci,"The Soft Power of Turkish Television",South East Time,August 23,2011,http://turkey.setimescom/en_GB/articles/ses/articles/features/departments/society,2019-11-25.

  

   (56)"Much-loved Soaps Polish Turkey's Image in Balkans",Balkan Insight,June 18,2019,https://balkaninsight.com/2019/06/18/much-loved-soaps-polish-turkeys-image-in-balkans,2019-11-25.

  

   (57)Mehmet Ugur Ekinci,"Turkey's ‘Zero Problems' Era in the Balkans",Analysis SETA,No.1,2013,p.23.

  

   (58)By Ekinci and Mehmet Ugur,"A Golden Age of Relations:Turkey and the Western Balkans during the AK Party Period",Insight Turkey,Vol.16,No.1,2014,p.22.

  

   (59)Birgül Demirta,"Turkish Foreign Policy towards the Balkans:A Europeanized Foreign Policy in a De-Europeanized National Context?",Journal of Balkan and Near Eastern Studies,Vol.17,No.2,2015,P.133.

  

   (60)数据来自土耳其统计局,由笔者测算。

  

   (61)据土耳其统计局网站数据,2002年土耳其贸易出口额为360.58亿美元,进口额为515.54亿美元,2017年土耳其贸易出口额达1432.13亿美元,进口额达2107.3亿美元。参见土耳其国家统计局:http://www.tuik.gov.tr,2018-04-25。

  

   (62)上述土耳其对外贸易统计数据涉及包括斯洛文尼亚、科索沃在内的巴尔干11个政治实体,参见土耳其国家统计局:http://www.tuik.gov.tr,2018-04-25。

  

   (63)Mehmet Ugur Ekinci,"Turkey's ‘Zero Problems' Era in the Balkans",Analysis SETA,October,No.1,2013,p.20.

  

   (64)Lavdim Hamidi,"Turkey's Balkan Shopping Spree",Balkan Insight,December 7,2010,http://www.balkaninsightcom/en/article/turkey-s-balkan-shopping-spree,2018-04-25.

  

   (65)Sanja Areina,"Turkish Foreign Policy Towards Balkans and Serbia Under Davutoglu Administration",Marmara University Journal of Political Science,Vol.6,No.2,2018,p.207.

  

   (66)Hybrid Neighbourhood Analysis Centre,"Money,Mosques and Concrete:Turkish Engagement in Albania,Bosnia and Herzegovina,and Kosovo",July 17,2019,https://hybridneighbourhood.com/2019/07/17/money-mosques-and-concrete-turkish-engagement-in-albania-kosovo-and-bosnia-and-herzegovina,2020-02-10.

  

   (67)参见土耳其外交部网站:http://www.mfagov.tr/relations-between-turkey-and-romaniaen.mfa,2019-12-25。

  

   (68)Ronald Linden and Yasemin Irepoglu,"Turkey and the Balkans:New Forms of Political Community?",Turkish Studies,Vol.14,No.2,2013,p.232.

  

   (69)马细谱:《西巴尔干国家入盟道阻且长》,载《中国社会科学报》2010年7月29日。

  

   (70)2018年1月16日,科索沃塞族政治家奥利弗·伊万诺维奇在科索沃遇刺身亡;9月29日,科索沃特种部队占领了位于科索沃北部由塞尔维亚控制的齐沃达水电站蓄水湖通道,塞尔维亚宣布国家武装力量进入最高战备状态;11月21日,塞尔维亚阻止科索沃加入国际刑警组织后,科索沃宣布将对塞尔维亚商品的进口税提高100%;12月14日,科索沃决定将其安全部队升格为军队,塞尔维亚警告称这一举动会引发军事反应。

  

   (71)"Kosovo-Serbia Stand off Will Likely Ease,Experts Say",Balkan Insight,November 29,2019,https://balkaninsight.com/2018/11/29/resolution-for-kosovo-serbia-deadlock-remains-uncertain-11-28-2018,2020-02-10.

  

   (72)Brljavac Bedrudin,"Turkey Entering the European Union Through the Balkan Doors:in the Style of a Great Power?",Romanian Journal of European Affairs,Vol.11,No.2,2011,p.528.

  

   (73)Judit Balázs,"Geopolitical Priorities-Turkey and the Balkans",Regional and Business Studies,Vol.7,No.2,2015,p.20.

  

   (74)Kadri Renda,"Turkey's Neighborhood Policy:An Emerging Complex Interdependence?",Insight Turkey,Vol.13,No.1,2011,p.26.

  

(75)"Turkey Pledges to 'Root Out' FETO from Balkans",(点击此处阅读下一页)

    进入专题: 土耳其外交     巴尔干     正义与发展党  

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