刘晗 叶开儒:网络主权的分层法律形态

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刘晗   叶开儒  
载《政治与法律》2014年第7期。

   [33]Tallinn Manual, p.15.

   [34]Tallinn Manual, p.15.

   [35]Tallinn Manual, p.15.

   [36]Tallinn Manual, p.16.

   [37]Harold Koh, State Department Legal Adviser, “International Law in Cyberspace”, September 18,2012, https://2009-2017.state.gov/s/l/releases/remarks/197924.htm,accessedJune15,2019.

   [38]中新网:《美颁布法案保护国家赛博安全与关键基础设施》,来源:http://www.chinanews.com/mil/2013/12-17/5629600. shtml,2019年6月5日访问。

   [39]Richard A. Clarke & Robert K. Knake, Cyber War: The Next Threat to National Security and What to Do About It, Ecco,2010, p.6; Stephen Dycus, “Congress’s Role in Cyber Warfare” J. NAT’L Security L.& POL’Y 155,162(2010).

   [40]U.S. Department of Defense, “Department of Defense Strategy for Operating in Cyberspace”, July 2011, https://csrc.nist. gov/CSRC/media/Projects/ISPAB/documents/DOD-Strategy-for-Operating-in-Cyberspace.pdf, accessed June 14,2019; “War in the Fifth Domain”, The Economist, July 1,2010, https://www.economist.com/briefing/2010/07/01/war-in-the-fifth-domain, accessed June 15,2019.

   [41]参见周汉华:《习近平互联网法治思想研究》,载《中国法学》2017年第3期。

   [42]习近平:《在第二届世界互联网大会开幕式上的讲话》,来源:http://www.xinhuanet.com/politics/2015-12/16/c_1117481089. htm,2019年6月14日访问

   [43]如2015年1月,中国国内通用顶级域名的根解析出现故障,导致网民无法访问“.com”网站,促使中国各界域名安全意识的提高,也让人们深刻认识到域名系统之于互联网的重要性。参见央广网:《全国多数网页出现登录故障专家:黑客攻击嫌疑最大》,来源:http://china.cnr.cn/yaowen/201401/t20140122_514711333.shtml,2019年6月15日访问。

   [44]参见刘晗:《域名系统、网络主权与互联网治理——历史反思及其当代启示》,载《中外法学》2016年第2期。[45] Milton Mueller, Networks and States: The Global Politics of Internet Governance, The MIT Press,2013, pp.62-63.

   [46]“Joint Project Agreements between the U.S. Department of Commerce and the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers”, September 26,2006, available at https://www.icann.org/en/system/files/files/jpa—29sep06-en.pdf, accessed Nov.10,2019.

   [47]Milton Mueller, Networks and States: The Global Politics of Internet Governance, The MIT Press,2013, p.63.

   [48]See Tom Wright, “EU and U.S. clash over control of the Net” International Herald Tribune, September 30,2005.

   [49]Sandeep Bamzai,“Muzlers of the Free Internet: India is Lobbying for Bureaucrats to Run the Worldwide Web”, available at http://www.dailymail.co.uk/indiahome/indianews/article-2220692/How-India-helped-bunch-bureaucrats-custodians-Internet.html, accessed Jan.16,2019.

   [50]文件的英文版参见 United Nations, General Assembly, Leter dated 12 September 2011 from the Permanent Representatives of China, the Russian Federation, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General, September 14,2011, available at https://ccdcoe.org/sites/default/files/documents/UN-110912-CodeOfConduct_0.pdf, accessed Jan.16,2020.2015年,上合组织再一次将其提交给联合国大会。

   [51]U.S. House of Congress 268(109th), Expressing the Sense of the U.S. Congress Regarding Oversight of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, November 16,2005. See Milton L. Mueller, Networks and States: The Global Politics of Internet Governance, The MIT Press,2010, p.76.

   [52]See H. Con. Res.127, “A Congressional Resolution Expressing Opposition to International Regulation of the Internet”, available at http://energycommerce.house.gov/hearing/international-proposals-regulate-internet, accessed Jan.16,2020.

   [53]Craig Timberg, “US to Relinquish Remaining Control over the Internet”, The Washington Post, March 14,2014, http://www. washingtonpost.com/business/technology/us-to-relinquish-remaining-control-over-the-internet/2014/03/14/0c7472d0-abb5-11e3-adbc-888c8010c799_story.html, accessed June 15,2019.

   [54]所谓“多利益相关方”模式相对的是多边主义,其包括各种形式的国家、公司、非政府组织及个人。

   [55]参见刘晗、任启明:《简析如何在 ICANN 新机制下维护我国网络主权》,载《中国信息安全》2017年第5期。

   [56]参见李永刚:《我们的防火墙:网络时代的表达与监管》,广西师范大学出版社2009年版,第101页。

   [57]参见政武:《巴黎法院对“雅虎案”裁定的法律思考》,载《互联网生活》2001年第2期。

   [58]此案另外值得注意的是,雅虎认为互联网无法提供用户地理标识,巴黎法院则认为,过滤技术已经可以探知点击网站的用户身处何方,适用何地法律。

   [59]Russian Regulator Publishes Data Localization Clarifications One Month Before Sept.1 Effective Date, Plus Other Developments, available at: https://www.hldataprotection.com/2015/08/articles/international-eu-privacy/russian-regulator-publishes-datalocalization-clarifications/, accessed Mar.21,2019.

   [60]DATA PROTECTION LAWS OF THE WORLD(Full Handbook),28 January 2019, p.39, available at https://www.dlapiperdataprotection.com/index.html, accessed July 12,2020.

   [61]See Australian My Health Records Act 2012, available at: https://www.legislation.gov.au/Details/C2017C00313, accessed March 21,2019.

   [62]See Andrew Keane Woods, “Against Data Exceptionalism”68 Stan. L. Rev.746(2016).

   [63]信息保护工作组称为“效果原则”,即按照行为的效果来确立法律是否使用的管辖原则,其包含属人、属地和保护等原则。See Article 29 Data Protection Working Party,Update of Opinion 8/2010 on applicable law in light of the CJEU judgement in Google Spain[EB/OL], available at https://ec.europa.eu/justice/article-29/documentation/opinion-recommendation/files/2010/wp179_en.pdf, accessedNov.8,2019.

   [64]See TPP Full Text, available at https://ustr.gov/trade-agreements/free-trade-agreements/trans-pacific-partnership/tpp-full-text, accessed Nov.8,2019.

   [65]参见《欧洲废除美欧数据安全港协议》,环球网,来源:https://world.huanqiu.com/article/9CaKrnJQiXz,2019年11月8日访问。

   [66]参见桂畅旎:《美欧跨境数据传输〈隐私盾协议〉前瞻》,载《中国信息安全》2016年第3期。

   [67]Lawrence Lessig, The Future of Ideas: The Fate of the Commons in a Connected World, Random House Press,2001, p.34.

   [68]Lawrence B. Solum & Minn Chung, “The Layers Principle: Internet Architecture and the Law”79 Notre Dame L. Rev.817-818(2004).

   作者简介:刘晗,清华大学法学院副教授,法学博士;叶开儒,清华大学法学院博士研究生。

   文章来源:《华东政法大学学报》2020年第4期。

  

  

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