陈静静:美军统治琉球群岛的历史考察

选择字号:   本文共阅读 367 次 更新时间:2020-03-12 13:06:20

进入专题: 美军   琉球群岛  

陈静静  
Democracy Betrayed:Okinawa underU.S.Occupation,Press:Center for East Asian Studies WesternWashington,Bellingham,Washington,2001,pp.129-130.

   43United States Civil Administration News Release,“Text of Remarks of High Commissioner Paul W.Caraway at aDinner Meeting of the Golden Gate Club,at Harborview Club,Naha,”March 5,1963.

   44Mikio Higa,Politics and Parties in PostwarOkinawa,Canada:University of British Columbia,1963,p.23-24.

   45Watanabe,Akio,The Okinawa problem:A Chapter inJapan-U.S.Relations,Carlton,Victoria:Melbouren University Press,51.

   46Kensei Yoshida,Democracy Betrayed:Okinawa underU.S.Occupation,Press:Center for East Asian Studies WesternWashington,Bellingham,Washington,2001,pp.130-131.

   47Kensei Yoshida,Democracy Betrayed:Okinawa underU.S.Occupation,Press:Center for East Asian Studies WesternWashington,Bellingham,Washington,2001,p.125.

   48Kensei Yoshida,Democracy Betrayed:Okinawa underU.S.Occupation,Press:Center for East Asian Studies WesternWashington,Bellingham,Washington,2001,p.127.

   49Nicholas Evan Sarantakes,Keystone:The American Occupationof Okinawa and U.S.-Japanese Relations,Texas:Texas A&M U-niversityPress,2000,p.117.

   50Telegram 2751 from Tokyo,March 23,1964,Box 2526,CentralForeign Policy Files,1964-1966,RG 59,General Records of the Department ofState,N.A.

   51相关情况,可参见:Talking Points for Senator Mansfield,Secret,TalkingPoints,August 31,1967,Japan and theU.S.,1960-1976,JU00711,http://nsarchive.Chadwyck.com/quick/displayMultiItem.do?Multi=yes&ResultsID=12E3F1b0F59&queryType=quick&queryName=cat&ItemNumber=133;Memorandumof Conversation,November 15,1967,Box 2247,Central Foreign PolicyFiles,1967-1969,Political&Defense,RG 59 General Records of the Departmentof State,N.A.;New Ryukyus Formula from Prime MinisterSato,Secret,Cable,November 11,1967,Box 252,NSF,Country File,Japan,PresidentJohnson Library;Message from Professor Wakaizumi,Confidential,Memorandum forRecord,November 13,1967,Box 252,NSF,Country File,Japan,President JohnsonLibrary。

   52100 Intelligence report entitled“Prime Minister Sato’sPosition in a Renascent Japan.”Issues include:summary of Japanese PrimeMinister Eisaku Sato’s first two years in office;Japanese politicalsituation;changing Japanese role in Southeast Asia;Japanese defensepolicy;issues related to the reversion of Okinawa from U.S.to Japanesecontrol;U.S.-Japanese relations;Japanese support of U.S.policies inVietnam;Chinese-Japanese relations.“Prime Minister Sato’s Position in aRenascent Japan”.Report.Central Intelligence Agency.SECRET.Issue Date:Nov9,1967.

   53Visit of Prime Minister Eisaku Sato of Japan November14-15,1967,November 8,1967,Box 253,NSF,Country File,Japan,President JohnsonLibrary.

   54Text of Joint Communique between President and LyndonB.Johnson and His Excellency Eisaku Sato,Prime Minister of Japan FollowingTalks in Washington,January 12 and 13,1965,Box 253,NSF,Country Files,LyndonB.Johnson Library.

   551953年12月,美日签署了“返还”奄美群岛施政权的协议之后,美国一直执行“晴空”政策(英文表述为Blue Sky或是Clear Sky)。该政策的实质是美国不为占领琉球规定一个时间,而是由远东形势的变化决定琉球施政权“返还”与否。之后,肯尼迪和约翰逊政府都遵循了这一方针。该政策在1961年《池田---肯尼迪联合公报》、1965年《佐藤---约翰逊联合公报》中被提及和确认。

   56Joint Communique Between President Lyndon B.Johnson andHis Excellency Prime Minister Sato of Japan,For Immediate Release,November15,1967,Box 253,NSF,Country File,Japan,Lyndon B.Johnson Library.

   57Executive Order 11263-Further Amending Executive OrderNo.10713,Providing for Administration of the RyukyuIslands,https://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/documents/executive-order-11263-further-amending-executive-order-no-10713-providing-for.

   58Executive Order 11395-Further Amending Executive OrderNo.10713,Providing for Administration of the Ryukyu Islands,January31,1968,http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=106208.

   59Memoranda to Rusk,March 19 and 25,1964,Box 2526,CentralForeign Policy Files,1964-1966,RG 59,General Records of the Department ofState,N.A.

   60Memorandum for the Record,Washington,May6,1964.FRUS,1964-1968,Vol.29,Part 2,Japan,pp.12-13.

   61Letter From the Under Secretary of State for PoliticalAffairs(Johnson)to the Ambassador to Japan(Reischauer),Washington,April12,1964,FRUS,1964-1968,Vol.29,Part 2,Japan,pp.10-12.

   62The Future of Japan Secret,Minutes,May 11,1964,Japan andthe U.S.,1960-1976,JU00321,http://nsarchive.Chadwyck.com/quick/displayMultiItem.do?Multi=yes&ResultsID=12E3F1b0F59&queryType=quick&queryName=cat&ItemNumber=46.

   63Seigen Miyasato,“USCAR Policies:1964-1969”,in Chihiro Hosoya,Ed OkinawaReversion,International Studies Association,1977,p.31.

   64Message to the 28th session of the Legislature of theGovernment of the Ryukyu,1 February 1965.

65Kensei Yoshida,Democracy Betrayed:Okinawa underU.S.Occupation,Press:Center for East Asian Studies WesternWashington,(点击此处阅读下一页)

    进入专题: 美军   琉球群岛  

本文责编:陈冬冬
发信站:爱思想(http://www.aisixiang.com),栏目:天益学术 > 国际关系 > 地区问题
本文链接:http://www.aisixiang.com/data/120391.html

0 推荐

在方框中输入电子邮件地址,多个邮件之间用半角逗号(,)分隔。

爱思想(aisixiang.com)网站为公益纯学术网站,旨在推动学术繁荣、塑造社会精神。
凡本网首发及经作者授权但非首发的所有作品,版权归作者本人所有。网络转载请注明作者、出处并保持完整,纸媒转载请经本网或作者本人书面授权。
凡本网注明“来源:XXX(非爱思想网)”的作品,均转载自其它媒体,转载目的在于分享信息、助推思想传播,并不代表本网赞同其观点和对其真实性负责。若作者或版权人不愿被使用,请来函指出,本网即予改正。
Powered by aisixiang.com Copyright © 2021 by aisixiang.com All Rights Reserved 爱思想 京ICP备12007865号-1 京公网安备11010602120014号.
工业和信息化部备案管理系统