节大磊:霸权的黄昏?——现实主义理论与美国外交战略的演变

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进入专题: 现实主义   美国外交   特朗普政府   奥巴马政府   离岸制衡  

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2013.

   [35] Daniel W. Drezner, “America the Unexceptional,” Washington Post, February 1, 2017, https://www.washingtonpost.com/posteverything/wp/2017/02/01/america-the-unexceptional/?utm_term=.a4c47b4fb997.

   [36] David Corn, “Donald Trump Says He Doesn’t Believe in ‘American Exceptionalism,” June 7, 2016, https://www.motherjones.com/politics/2016/06/donald-trump-american-exceptionalism/.

   [37] The White House, “Remarks by President Trump at APEC CEO Summit,” November 10, 2017, https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefings-statements/remarks-president-trump-apec-ceo-summit-da-nang-vietnam/.

   [38] The White House, “The Inaugural Address,” January 20, 2017, https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefings-statements/the-inaugural-address/; “President Trump’s Speech to the Arab Islamic American Summit,” May 21, 2017; “Remarks by President Trump to the 72nd Session of the United Nations General Assembly,” September 19, 2017.

   [39] H. R. McMaster, and Gary D. Cohn, “America First Doesn’t Mean America Alone,” Wall Street Journal, May 30, 2017.

   [40] Sophie Tatum, “Trump Defends Putin: ‘You Think Our Country’s So Innocent?” CNN, February 6, 2017, http://www.cnn.com/2017/02/04/politics/donald-trump-vladimir-putin/index.html.

   [41] Dominic Tierney, “Human Rights Are Largely Irrelevant to the Emerging Trump Doctrine,” the Atlantic, November 14, 2017, https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2017/11/trump-human-rights-asia-trip/545843/.

   [42] The White House, National Security Strategy of the United States of America, December 2017, p3.

   [43] Gideon Rose, “What Obama Gets Right: Keep Calm and Carry the Liberal Order On,” Foreign Affairs, Vol. 94, No. 5 (2015), p. 9.

   [44] Robert M. Gates, Duty: Memoirs of a Secretary at War (New York, NY: Alfred A. Knopf, 2014), p. 495.

   [45] Obama, “Remarks by the President at the United States Military Academy Commencement Ceremony,” 2014.

   [46] Goldberg, “The Obama Doctrine,” 2016.

   [47] Office of the Press Secretary, the White House, “Remarks by the President in Address to the Nation on Libya,” March 28, 2011, https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/the-press-office/2011/03/28/remarks-president-address-nation-libya。有关奥巴马政府内部关于利比亚问题的激烈争论,参见Gates, Duty: Memoirs of a Secretary at War 2014, pp. 510-523。

   [48] Chollet, The Long Game: How Obama Defied Washington and Redefined America’s Role in the World, 2016, p. 8.

   [49] Maggie Haberman, and David E. Sanger, “Transcript: Donald Trump Expounds on His Foreign Policy Views,” New York Times, March 26, 2016.

   [50] “Transcript: Donald Trump’s Foreign Policy Speech,” New York Times, April 27, 2016, https://www.nytimes.com/2016/04/28/us/politics/transcript-trump-foreign-policy.html.

   [51] Philip Rucker, and Robert Costa, “‘It’s a Hard Problem’: Inside Trump’s Decision to Send More Troops to Afghanistan,” Washington Post, August 21, 2017.

   [52] The White House, “Remarks by President Trump on the Strategy in Afghanistan and South Asia,” August 21, 2017, https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefings-statements/remarks-president-trump-strategy-afghanistan-south-asia/.

   [53] Michael D. Shear, and Michael R. Gordon, “63 Hours: From Chemical Attack to Trump’s Strike in Syria,” New York Times, April 7, 2017.

   [54] 关于美国“亚太再平衡”,参见Kurt M. Campbell, The Pivot: The Future American Statecraft in Asia (New York, NY: Twelve, 2016); Clinton, Hard Choices, 2014, Chapter 3; Bader, Obama and China’s Rise: An Insider’s Account of America’s Asia Strategy, 2012。

   [55] Robert M. Gates, Secretary of Defense Speech, West Point, NY, February 25, 2011, http://archive.defense.gov/Speeches/Speech.aspx?SpeechID=1539.

   [56] Christopher Layne, “The (Almost) Triumph of Offshore Balancing,” National Interest, January 27, 2012, http://nationalinterest.org/commentary/almost-triumph-offshore-balancing-6405.

   [57] Goldberg, “The Obama Doctrine,” 2016.

   [58] John J. Mearsheimer, “Donald Trump Should Embrace a Realist Foreign Policy,” National Interest, November 27, 2016, http://nationalinterest.org/feature/donald-trump-should-embrace-realist-foreign-policy-18502; Mearsheimer, and Walt, “The Case for Offshore Balancing: A Superior U.S. Grand Strategy,” 2016.

   [59] Michael D. Shear, Mark Landler, and James Kanter, “In NATO Speech, Trump Is Vague about Mutual Defense Pledge,” New York Times, May 25, 2017.

   [60] 特朗普政府的《国家安全战略》报告中涉及了在印太地区所要采取的政治、经济和军事举措,但是相当简略。参见The White House, National Security Strategy of the United States of America, 2017, p. 45-47。

   [61] Mark Landler, Alter Egos: Hillary Clinton, Barack Obama, and the Twilight Struggle Over American Power (New York, NY: Random House, 2016), pp. 30-51.

[62] Colin Dueck, The Obama Doctrine: American Grand Strategy Today (New York,(点击此处阅读下一页)

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