节大磊:约束盟国的逻辑与困境

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” International Security, Vol.31, No.4, 2007, pp.7-33。

   [39] 参见Jeremy M. Sharp, “U.S. Foreign Aid to Israel,” Report for Congress, Congressional Research Service, April 11, 2013。

   [40] Shai Feldman, Shlomo Brom and Shimon Stein, “What to Do About Nuclearizing Iran? The Israeli Debate,” Middle East Brief, No.59, Crown Center for Middle East Studies, Brandeis University, 2012, p.6.

   [41] Shai Feldman, Shlomo Brom, and Shimon Stein, “What to Do About Nuclearizing Iran? The Israeli Debate,” pp. 1-7; Charles D. Freilich, “Striking Iran: The Debate in Israel,” Survival, Vol.54, No.6, 2013, pp.93-106; David Remnick, “The Vegetarian,” New Yorker, September 3, 2012.

   [42] Shai Feldman, “The Israeli Debate on Attacking Iran Is Over,” Foreign Policy, August 20, 2012, http://foreignpolicy.com/2012/08/20/the-israeli-debate-on-attacking-iran-is-over/, 登录时间:2016年3月2日。

   [43] Jeffrey Goldberg, “Obama to Iran and Israel: ‘As President of the United States, I Don’t Bluff,” The Atlantic, March 2, 2012, http://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2012/03/obama-to-iran-and-israel-as-president-of-the-united-states-i-dont-bluff/253875/, 登录时间:2016年3月2日。

   [44] Richard K. Betts, “The Lost Logic of Deterrence: What the Strategy That Won the Cold War Can-and-Can’t-Do Now,” Foreign Affairs, Vol.91, No.2, 2013, p.93.

   [45] 关于伊核问题谈判的争论,参见James K. Sebenius, and Michael K. Singh, “Is a Nuclear Deal with Iran Possible? An Analytical Framework for the Iran Nuclear Negotiations,” International Security, Vol.37, No.3, 2012, pp.52-91; Paul R. Pillar, Robert Reardon, James K. Sebenius, and Michael K. Singh, “Correspondence: Nuclear Negotiations with Iran,” International Security, Vol.38, No.1, 2013, pp.174-192。

   [46] Kenneth Katzman, “Iran Sanctions,” Report for Congress, Congressional Research Service, July 26, 2013。关于美国增强对伊朗制裁的外交努力,参见Hillary R. Clinton, Hard Choices, New York: Simon & Schuster, 2014, Chapter 18。

   [47] Tobias Buck, “Israeli Debate on Iran Strike Gains Currency,” Financial Times, February 3, 2012.

   [48] Massimo Calabresi, “The Path to War,” Time, March 11, 2013; Dan Williams, “Israel Sees New U.S. Poise, Including Military, to Curb Iran,” Reuters, December 18, 2012; David E. Sanger, and Eric Schmitt, “To Calm Israel, U.S. Offers Ways to Restrain Iran,” New York Times, September 2, 2012; Thom Shanker, Eric Schmitt, and David E. Sanger, “U.S. Adds Force in Persian Gulf, a Signal to Iran,” New York Times, July 3, 2012.

   [49] Thom Shanker, “U.S. Arms Deal With Israel and 2 Arab Nations Is Near,” New York Times, April 18, 2013.

   [50] Yossi Melman, “The War Against Iran’s Nuclear Program Has Already Begun,” Haaretz, December 2, 2011; Daniel Klaidman, Eli Lake, and Dan Ephron, “Obama’s Dangerous Game with Iran,” Newsweek, February 13, 2012; David E. Sanger, Confront and Conceal: Obama’s Secrete Wars and Surprising Use of American Power, New York: Crown Publishers, 2012.

   [51] John McCain, “We Are All Georgians,” Wall Street Journal, August 14, 2008; Richard Holbrooke, “What the West Can Do,” Washington Post, August 22, 2008; Ronald D. Asmus, A Little War that Shook the World: Georgia, Russia and the Future of the West, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010.

   [52] Ian Traynor, “Plucky Little Georgia: Saakashvili’s PR Agency Wins on Second Front,” The Guardian, August 15, 2008; Gordon Hahn, “Georgia’s Propaganda War,” September 5, 2008, http://www.russiaotherpointsofview.com/2008/09/georgias-misinf.html, 登录时间:2016年3月2日; C. J. Chivers and Ellen Barry, “Georgia Claims on Russia War Called Into Question,” New York Times, November 7, 2008; Brian Rohan, “Saakashvili ‘Planned S. Ossetia Invasion’: Ex-Minister,” Reuters, September 14, 2008; Olesya Vartanyan and Ellen Barry, “Ex-Diplomat Says Georgia Started War With Russia,” New York Times, November 25, 2008; Spiegel Online International, “Did Saakashvili Lie? The West Begins to Doubt Georgian Leaders,” September 15, 2008, http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/did-saakashvili-lie-the-west-begins-to-doubt-georgian-leader-a-578273.html, 登录时间:2016年3月2日。战争结束一年之后,欧盟发布了一个关于俄格战争的独立调查报告,其结论对于格鲁吉亚的说辞也十分不利。参见http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/shared/bsp/hi/pdfs/30_09_09_iiffmgc_report.pdf, 登录时间:2016年3月2日。

[53] Uwe Klussmann, “‘Terrible Losses Overnight’: Cable Track U.S. Diplomatic Efforts to Avert Russian-Georgian Conflict,” Spiegel Online International, December 1, 2010, http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/terrible-losses-overnight-cables-track-us-diplomatic-efforts-to-avert-russian-georgian-conflict-a-732294.html, 登录时间:2016年3月2日; Helene Cooper and Thom Shanker, “After Mixed U.S. Messages, a War Erupted in Georgia,” New York Times, August 12, 2008; Daniel Fried, Assistant Secretary of State for European and Eurasian Affairs, “The Current Situation in Georgia and Implications for U.S. Policy,” Testimony before the Senate Committee on Armed Services,(点击此处阅读下一页)

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